The climate in Serbia

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures

All climate diagrams on this page come from the collected data of 14 weather stations.
Weather stations at an altitude above 790m have not been included.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.

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Climate zone: Moderate zone of the northern hemisphere

The climate in Serbia is quite varied, but generally does not offer extreme climate conditions. It is cold and wet with some nice summer months. The warmest and rainiest part of the country is Central Serbia. The coldest is Vojvodina. Due to the warmer temperatures, the best time for traveling is from May to September. Less attractive are the cold months from November to March.
Duration of daylight and sunshine in Serbia
Compare climate with other regions or countries
Hours of sunshine per daySunshine hours per day in Serbia
Rain days per monthRain days per month in Serbia
Precipitation in mm/dayPrecipitation in Serbia
Relative humidity in %Relative humidity in Serbia
Absolute humidity in g/m³Absolute humidity in Serbia

Temperature records of the last 72 years

The hottest temperature measured from 1951 to January 2023 was reported by the Nis weather station. In July 2007, the record temperature of 44.2 °C was reported here. The hottest summer from July to September, based on all 4 weather stations in Serbia below 790 meters altitude, was recorded in 2012 with an average temperature of 24.1 °C. This average temperature will normally be measured every four to six hours, thus also including the nights. Normally, this value is 21.2 degrees Celsius. The average maximum daily temperature at that time was 31.0 °C.

The coldest day in these 72 years was reported by the Novi Sad weather station. Here the temperature dropped to -28.7 °C in February 2012. Novi Sad lies at an altitude of 87 meters above sea level. The coldest winter (January to March) was in 1954 with an average temperature of -1.3 °C. In Serbia, it is usual to have about 5.1 degrees more at 3.8 °C for this three-month period.

The most precipitation fell in May 2014. With 9.0 mm per day, the Beograd weather station recorded the highest monthly average of the last 72 years.

Long-term development of temperatures from 1991 - 2022

In contrast to single record values, long-term development cannot simply be brought about by all weather stations in the country. Both the number and the locations are constantly changing. An average value would give a distorted result. If several measuring stations in particularly cold mountain or coastal regions are added in one year, the average would decrease as a result of this alone. If a station fails during the summer or winter months, it does not provide any values and distorts the average again. The subsequent long-term development was therefore reduced to only 3 measuring points in order to have comparable data over as long a period as possible.

In the years 1991 to 2022, there were only these 3 weather stations in the whole country, which reported continuous temperature values (Beograd, Nis, Novi Sad). From these weather reports, we have created a long-term development that shows the monthly average temperatures. The hottest month in this entire period was August 1992 at 26.1 °C. January 2017 was the coldest month with an average temperature of -4.4 °C.

The average annual temperature was about 11.9 °C in the years after 1991 and about 13.5 °C in the last years before 2022. So in less than 32 years, it has increased by about 1.6 °C. This trend only applies to the selected 3 weather stations in Serbia. A considerably more comprehensive evaluation of global warming has been provided separately.

Long-term development of temperatures in Serbia

Data basis and methodology

The data from the individual measuring stations are based on the archives of the German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements. In order to determine a representative national average, average values were first calculated for each part of the country, which were then summarized at the national level. Thus, if a disproportionate number of weather stations are located in a small area, their number does not affect the national average. There are 4 stations in Serbia itself. In 10 cases, neighboring but nearby weather stations were also used to obtain more accurate values.
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