Climate in Madeira

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures

All climate diagrams on this site result from the collected data from three measuring weather stations in Madeira.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.

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Madeira is one of the warmest regions in Portugal with an average daily high temperature of 23 degrees. A beach holiday can also be enjoyed in the warmer season, but water temperatures will not reach much more than 23 °C.
Overview: Climate in Portugal
Daylengths and sun positions in Portugal
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Sunshine hours per day
The number of hours of sunshine refers to the time when the sun is actually visible. That is, without any obstruction of visibility by clouds, fog or mountains. With 8 hours per day, August is the sunniest month in the region of Madeira. In December, the sun shines the least.
Rain days per month
A rain day is a day on which at least 0.1 mm precipitation (=0.1 liter) per square meter falls. This can be rain, snow, hail or even dew. So it does not have to rain the whole day. With 9 rain days, November offers the most rain days, while August has the fewest.
Precipitation amount in mm/day
The amount of precipitation is measured in millimeters per square meter. Thus, at two mm/day, two liters of water fall on one square meter within 24 hours. With only 0.1 mm, the least amount of rain falls in July. November, on the other hand, has the most rain.
Water temperatures in °C
Water temperature depends not only on solar radiation within the same region, but also on ocean currents. For example, depending on the season, cold or warm water masses are moved from other areas. The warmest water temperatures in Madeira are in September, when the water is 23 °C.
Relative humidity in %
Warm air can absorb more moisture than cold air. The relative humidity indicates how much moisture can be physically contained in the air. At high humidity, a person feels uncomfortable and perceives this as oppressive. In general, a relative humidity of 40-60% feels pleasant. With only 68% humidity on average, it is quite dry in April. The highest value of 73% is experienced here in June.
Absolute humidity in g/m³
In warm months, there is also a higher absolute humidity almost everywhere. At a temperature of 25°C, air can absorb up to 23 grams of water per cubic meter. At 20°C, it is only 17.3 grams. A relative humidity of 40% at 25°C thus corresponds to an absolute humidity of 9.2 grams of water. From a proportion of approx. 13.5 grams, humans perceive the air as muggy. This limit is reached for 5 months in Madeira, although these are average values, and a month is rarely completely or not at all humid.
The "Humidex" (humidity index) is an index of well-being in warmer areas, calculated from the air temperature, relative humidity and dew point. The index corresponds approximately to the temperature felt. At high temperatures, the body transports heat away by sweating. At high humidity, the ambient air can only absorb a small amount of sweat and thus one feels uncomfortable. An index of 20-29 is considered comfortable. Up to 39, people perceive the air as slightly uncomfortable, and above 40, as very uncomfortable. Values above 45 are dangerous in the long run and often lead to heat stroke.
Climate charts for other regions in Portugal

Map of Madeira

Most important cities in the region »Madeira«

The region has a west-east extension of about 80 km and over 50 km from north to south.

CityPopulationGeo position
Funchal111,54132° 37' 60"N16° 53' 60"W
Câmara de Lobos32,20932° 37' 60"N16° 58' 0"W
Machico12,56732° 42' 0"N16° 46' 0"W
Caniço11,99632° 37' 60"N16° 51' 0"W
Santana8,80432° 47' 60"N16° 52' 60"W
Camacha8,63533° 5' 12"N16° 20' 33"W
Camacha7,99132° 40' 45"N16° 50' 41"W
Nossa Senhora do Monte7,44432° 40' 0"N16° 53' 60"W
São Vicente6,06332° 47' 48"N17° 2' 36"W
Santa Cruz6,01032° 40' 60"N16° 48' 0"W
Ribeira Brava5,93232° 38' 60"N17° 4' 0"W
Vila de Porto Santo4,34833° 3' 37"N16° 20' 3"W
Ponta do Sol4,23532° 40' 0"N17° 6' 0"W
Campanário3,98732° 39' 57"N17° 2' 9"W
Caniçal3,89332° 44' 18"N16° 44' 18"W
Arco da Calheta3,24132° 42' 54"N17° 8' 59"W
Porto Moniz2,76232° 51' 0"N17° 10' 0"W
Curral das Freiras1,67332° 43' 13"N16° 58' 12"W
Estreito da Calheta1,63032° 44' 13"N17° 11' 12"W
Calheta1,61832° 43' 0"N17° 10' 60"W

Data basis: German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements. Data on cities and inhabitants:, United Nations Statistics Division and own research.
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