Transport and infrastructure in Poland

Our listing of the primary types of transport compares the infrastructure of Poland with the average of all countries in Europe. Overall, the main traffic and transport routes are well developed and in comparatively good condition.

In terms of the length of its rail network, Poland ranks 35th in the world with 0.49 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 18,538 kilometers long. Freight traffic on the rails most recently totaled 54.39 billion tons and kilometers traveled. Passenger traffic reached 15.84 billion passenger-kilometers in 2021.

The waterways listed refer to inland traffic on rivers and canals. The number of ports includes those located on the 440 km of coastline. In 2020, about 2.92 million freight containers were transported.

Airports in Poland

Back to overview: Poland

Road traffic

The network of roads and highways has a total length of 420,000 km. For each of the country's 37.75 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 11.13 meters. This puts Poland in 48th place in the global ranking. However, the country's size and population density of around 121 inhabitants per km² must also be taken into account. Countries with fewer inhabitants in the same or even larger area naturally achieve quite different values here and have to connect remote areas to the transport network despite a smaller population.

With an average of 3681 traffic fatalities per year (2013 - 2019), road traffic in Poland is considered relatively safe. This corresponds to 9.7 accident fatalities per 100,000 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 12.3 in the USA and 17.0 worldwide.

In Poland, traffic drives on the right-hand side of the road, i.e. people drive in the right-hand lane and overtake on the left. Oncoming traffic comes toward you on the left side. This regulation was enforced in January 1st, 1970. Regionally, this also applied before, now it exists for all parts of the country. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.



 totalper 1 mio
per km²
Roadways420,000 km11,126.68 km1,343.23 m
Railroads18,500 km491.11 km59.29 m
Waterways3,997 km105.89 km12.78 m
Commercial harbors1433.790.000


 total per 1 mio
per km²
Roadways6,708,900 km11,154.38 km1,111.71 m
Railroads258,600 km429.97 km42.85 m
Waterways54,800 km91.17 km9.09 m
Commercial harbors15,27325.390.003

Data sources used

Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
CIA Factbook
OECD Statistics
Wikipedia (german)
Poland: AirportsLargest airports and airlines in PolandThe 15 biggest airports and 3 airlines in Poland with further information and data with further information on airlines and destinations
Poland: ClimateClimate and temperature development in PolandA climate analysis for Poland incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, rainfalls
Ranking: MegacitiesMega cities - the biggest cities all over the worldRanking of the biggest cities worldwide. On top: Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing