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Gross debt in Poland

The government gross debt refers to the total of all sums of money that have to be paid to other countries, communities or institutions. On the other hand not included in the gross debt are the demands of a country to foreign ones.

The gross debt in Poland in the period from 1998 to 2020 was between 63.5 billion and 334.8 billion USD. The highest level of the last years at 335 billion US Dollar was reached in 2020. The budget deficit in the same year was 42.7 billion USD.

Based on the number of inhabitants, this is in Poland a debt of 8,822 USD per person. For comparison: The average debt per person in the same year in the European Union was 30,780 USD.


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Gross debt of the last 22 years in billion USD




YearPoland totalPoland per capitaEU per capita
199863.52 bn USD1,643 USD12,387 USD
199967.50 bn USD1,746 USD12,342 USD
200065.33 bn USD1,708 USD9,877 USD
200174.61 bn USD1,951 USD9,894 USD
200279.64 bn USD2,083 USD10,773 USD
200394.90 bn USD2,484 USD13,433 USD
2004128.20 bn USD3,357 USD15,459 USD
2005148.78 bn USD3,898 USD16,095 USD
2006165.69 bn USD4,344 USD16,570 USD
2007201.54 bn USD5,287 USD18,334 USD
2008212.75 bn USD5,580 USD21,119 USD
2009232.29 bn USD6,089 USD22,222 USD
2010258.37 bn USD6,792 USD26,496 USD
2011267.47 bn USD7,027 USD29,231 USD
2012278.63 bn USD7,320 USD28,064 USD
2013297.65 bn USD7,825 USD29,836 USD
2014271.69 bn USD7,148 USD30,512 USD
2015240.28 bn USD6,325 USD25,813 USD
2016253.50 bn USD6,676 USD26,165 USD
2017272.40 bn USD7,173 USD26,931 USD
2018284.37 bn USD7,488 USD28,362 USD
2019275.05 bn USD7,245 USD27,095 USD
2020334.81 bn USD8,822 USD30,780 USD


Comparison of the gross debt per capita with the European Union in Euro



      Poland       European Union


Budget deficit in Poland

The budget deficit of a country is the result of all its claims and liabilities. This includes incomes and expenses, repayments and building of new debts in other countries, but also domestic positions of the government, such as social insurances, local authorities and communities. It is the financial balance of the economic accounts. In simple terms: If a country at the end of the year has more money, than at at the beginning, it is a surplus - it is less, it is called deficit.

The budget deficit in Poland in the period between 1998 and 2020 varied between 1.44 bn Euro and 42.70 bn Euro. In 2020 was reached a balance of -43 bn Euro.

In ratio to population, this equals a new indebtedness of 1,125 Euro per capita in Poland only in 2020. For comparison, the average debt per capita in the European Union was in the same year at 2,353 Euro.


Budget deficit of the past 22 years

YearPoland totalPoland per capitaEU per capita
1998-7.29 bn USD-189 USD-350 USD
1999-3.88 bn USD-100 USD-180 USD
2000-5.19 bn USD-136 USD98 USD
2001-10.02 bn USD-262 USD-263 USD
2002-9.88 bn USD-259 USD-496 USD
2003-13.42 bn USD-351 USD-738 USD
2004-12.93 bn USD-339 USD-808 USD
2005-12.14 bn USD-318 USD-722 USD
2006-12.27 bn USD-322 USD-499 USD
2007-7.97 bn USD-209 USD-315 USD
2008-19.41 bn USD-509 USD-951 USD
2009-32.07 bn USD-841 USD-1,771 USD
2010-35.54 bn USD-934 USD-1,970 USD
2011-26.27 bn USD-690 USD-1,462 USD
2012-18.89 bn USD-496 USD-1,196 USD
2013-22.01 bn USD-579 USD-1,012 USD
2014-19.81 bn USD-521 USD-846 USD
2015-12.40 bn USD-326 USD-573 USD
2016-11.28 bn USD-297 USD-423 USD
2017-7.85 bn USD-207 USD-261 USD
2018-1.44 bn USD-38 USD-136 USD
2019-4.40 bn USD-116 USD-192 USD
2020-42.70 bn USD-1,125 USD-2,353 USD


(negative numbers = deficit)
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