Gross debt in Poland

The government gross debt refers to the total of all sums of money that have to be paid to other countries, communities or institutions. On the other hand not included in the gross debt are the demands of a country to foreign ones.

The gross debt in Poland in the period from 1998 to 2019 was between 63.5 billion and 297.7 billion USD. The hightest level within the past 21 years was reached in 2013. However, the liabilities in 2019 have been only 274.93 billion USD

Based on the number of inhabitants, this is in Poland a debt of 7,241 USD per person. For comparison: The average debt per person in the same year in the European Union was 32,667 USD.


Back to overview: Poland

Gross debt of the last 21 years in billion USD




JahrPoland totalPoland per capitaEU per capita
199863.52 bn USD1,643 USD12,387 USD
199967.50 bn USD1,746 USD12,342 USD
200065.69 bn USD1,717 USD10,778 USD
200175.03 bn USD1,962 USD10,717 USD
200280.17 bn USD2,097 USD11,593 USD
200395.45 bn USD2,498 USD14,402 USD
2004127.99 bn USD3,352 USD16,970 USD
2005148.26 bn USD3,885 USD17,846 USD
2006164.61 bn USD4,316 USD18,591 USD
2007200.00 bn USD5,246 USD20,509 USD
2008212.75 bn USD5,580 USD23,520 USD
2009232.29 bn USD6,089 USD25,266 USD
2010258.37 bn USD6,792 USD30,683 USD
2011267.47 bn USD7,027 USD34,278 USD
2012278.63 bn USD7,320 USD33,161 USD
2013297.65 bn USD7,825 USD35,247 USD
2014271.69 bn USD7,148 USD36,694 USD
2015240.28 bn USD6,325 USD31,489 USD
2016253.50 bn USD6,676 USD31,202 USD
2017272.40 bn USD7,173 USD32,056 USD
2018284.37 bn USD7,488 USD33,826 USD
2019274.93 bn USD7,241 USD32,667 USD


Comparison of the gross debt per capita with the European Union in Euro



      Poland       European Union


Budget deficit in Poland

The budget deficit of a country is the result of all its claims and liabilities. This includes incomes and expenses, repayments and building of new debts in other countries, but also domestic positions of the government, such as social insurances, local authorities and communities. It is the financial balance of the economic accounts. In simple terms: If a country at the end of the year has more money, than at at the beginning, it is a surplus - it is less, it is called deficit.

The budget deficit in Poland in the period between 1998 and 2019 varied between 1.42 billion Euro and 35.54 billion Euro. In 2019 was reached a balance of -4.14 billion Euro.

In ratio to population, this equals a new indebtedness of 109 Euro per capita in Poland only in 2019. For comparison, the average debt per capita in the European Union was in the same year at 332 Euro.


Budget deficit of the past 21 years

JahrPoland totalPoland per capitaEU per capita
1998-7.29 bn USD-189 USD-350 USD
1999-3.88 bn USD-100 USD-180 USD
2000-5.19 bn USD-136 USD98 USD
2001-10.02 bn USD-262 USD-263 USD
2002-9.88 bn USD-259 USD-496 USD
2003-13.42 bn USD-351 USD-738 USD
2004-12.93 bn USD-339 USD-808 USD
2005-12.14 bn USD-318 USD-722 USD
2006-12.27 bn USD-322 USD-499 USD
2007-7.97 bn USD-209 USD-315 USD
2008-19.41 bn USD-509 USD-951 USD
2009-32.07 bn USD-841 USD-2,252 USD
2010-35.54 bn USD-934 USD-2,486 USD
2011-26.27 bn USD-690 USD-1,907 USD
2012-18.89 bn USD-496 USD-1,689 USD
2013-22.01 bn USD-579 USD-1,354 USD
2014-19.81 bn USD-521 USD-1,226 USD
2015-12.40 bn USD-326 USD-871 USD
2016-11.28 bn USD-297 USD-620 USD
2017-7.85 bn USD-207 USD-406 USD
2018-1.42 bn USD-37 USD-288 USD
2019-4.14 bn USD-109 USD-332 USD


(negative numbers = deficit)