The climate in the Netherlands

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures

All climate diagrams on this page result from the collected data of 14 weather stations.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.

Back to overview: Netherlands

Climate zone: Moderate zone of the northern hemisphere

The climate in the Netherlands is quite varied, but generally does not offer extreme climatic conditions. It is cold, wet and some nice summer months are also present. The warmest and at the same time rainiest province is Northbrabant. The coldest is Groningen. Due to the warmer temperatures the best time for traveling is from June to September. Less attractive are the cold months from November to March.
Duration of daylight and sunshine in the Netherlands
Compare climate with other regions or countries
Hours of sunshine per daySunshine hours per day in the Netherlands
Rainy days per monthRainy days per month in the Netherlands
Precipitation in mm/dayPrecipitation in the Netherlands
Relative humidity in %Relative humidity in the Netherlands
Absolute humidity in g/m³Absolute humidity in the Netherlands

Provinces in the Netherlands

All figures per year. For detailed climate data click on the name of the region.

max Ø day
min Ø night
Drenthe14.1 °C6.1 °C1,643 h132 767 l
Gelderland14.5 °C6.6 °C1,679 h132 850 l
Groningen13.4 °C6.6 °C1,679 h132 777 l
Limburg14.7 °C6.8 °C1,716 h127 781 l
North-Holland14.1 °C7.0 °C1,862 h127 814 l
Northbrabant14.8 °C6.5 °C1,752 h126 799 l
Overijssel14.4 °C6.0 °C1,643 h130 756 l
South-Holland14.3 °C8.1 °C1,898 h126 781 l
Utrecht14.7 °C6.4 °C1,752 h128 854 l
Zeeland14.1 °C8.8 °C1,898 h126 767 l

Temperature records of the last 73 years

The hottest temperature measured from 1949 to March 2022 was reported by the Maastricht Airp weather station. In July 2019 the record temperature of 39.6 °C was reported here. The hottest summer from July to September, based on all 5 weather stations in the Netherlands , was recorded in 2006 with an average temperature of 19.0 °C. This average temperature will normally be measured every 4 to 6 hours, thus also including the nights. Normally, this value is 17.0 degrees Celsius. The average maximum daily temperature at that time was 23.3 °C.

The coldest day in these 73 years was reported by the weather station Groningen Airp. Here the temperature dropped to -19.5 °C in February 2012. Groningen Airp lies at an altitude of 4 meters above sea level. The coldest winter (January to March) was in 1963 with an average temperature of -1.3 °C. In the Netherlands, it is usual to have about 5.8 degrees more at 4.5 °C for this three-month period.

The most precipitation fell in September 2001. With 7.3 mm per day, the Groningen Airp weather station recorded the highest monthly average of the last 73 years.

Long-term development of temperatures from 1951 - 2021

In contrast to single record values, a long-term development cannot simply be brought about by all weather stations in the country. Both the number and the locations are constantly changing. A simply calculated average value would give a falsified result. If several measuring stations in particularly cold mountain or coastal regions are added in one year, the average would already decrease as a result of this alone. If a station fails during the summer or winter months, it does not provide any values and falsifies the average again. The subsequent long-term development was therefore reduced to only 1 measuring points in order to have actually comparable data over as long a period as possible.

In the years 1951 to 2021 there were only these 1 weather stations in the whole country, which reported continuous temperature values (De Bilt). From these weather reports we have created a long-term development that shows the monthly average temperatures. The hottest month in this entire period was July 2006 with 22.3 °C. February 1956 was the coldest month with an average temperature of -6.7 °C.

The average annual temperature was about 9.2 °C in the years after 1951 and about 11.1 °C in the last years before 2021. So in less than 71 years it has increased by about 1.9 °C. This trend only applies to the selected 1 weather stations in the Netherlands. A considerably more comprehensive evaluation of the global warming has been provided separately.

Long-term development of temperatures in the Netherlands

Data basis and methodology

The data of the individual measuring stations are based on the archives of the German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements. In order to determine a representative national average, average values were first calculated for each part of the country, which were then summarized at the national level. Thus, if a disproportionate number of weather stations are located in a small area, their number does not affect the national average. There are 5 stations in the Netherlands itself. In 9 cases, neighboring but nearby weather stations were also used to obtain more accurate values.
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