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Gross debt in Denmark

The government gross debt refers to the total of all sums of money that have to be paid to other countries, communities or institutions. On the other hand not included in the gross debt are the demands of a country to foreign ones.

The gross debt in Denmark in the period from 1998 to 2021 was between 80.1 billion and 159.3 billion USD. The hightest level within the past 23 years was reached in 2011. However, the liabilities in 2021 have been only 146 billion USD In the same year, a budget surplus of around 9.3 billion USD was achieved.

Based on the number of inhabitants, this is in Denmark a debt of 25,017 USD per person. For comparison: The average debt per person in the same year in the European Union was 33,674 USD.


Back to overview: Denmark

Gross debt of the last 23 years in billion USD




YearDenmark totalDenmark per capitaEU per capita
1998105.61 bn USD19,911 USD14,079 USD
199999.75 bn USD18,744 USD14,032 USD
200085.97 bn USD16,101 USD11,232 USD
200180.12 bn USD14,952 USD11,255 USD
200288.11 bn USD16,389 USD12,258 USD
2003100.75 bn USD18,689 USD15,286 USD
2004111.20 bn USD20,575 USD17,595 USD
200598.95 bn USD18,258 USD18,327 USD
200689.38 bn USD16,438 USD18,877 USD
200787.38 bn USD15,999 USD20,898 USD
2008118.47 bn USD21,565 USD24,086 USD
2009129.70 bn USD23,483 USD25,361 USD
2010137.17 bn USD24,726 USD26,496 USD
2011159.32 bn USD28,600 USD29,231 USD
2012146.50 bn USD26,200 USD28,174 USD
2013151.33 bn USD26,951 USD29,981 USD
2014156.50 bn USD27,731 USD30,648 USD
2015120.42 bn USD21,187 USD25,920 USD
2016116.72 bn USD20,378 USD26,262 USD
2017119.44 bn USD20,718 USD27,025 USD
2018121.17 bn USD20,914 USD28,454 USD
2019116.59 bn USD20,051 USD27,178 USD
2020150.56 bn USD25,818 USD30,798 USD
2021145.89 bn USD25,017 USD33,674 USD


Comparison of the gross debt per capita with the European Union in Euro



      Denmark       European Union


Budget deficit in Denmark

The budget deficit of a country is the result of all its claims and liabilities. This includes incomes and expenses, repayments and building of new debts in other countries, but also domestic positions of the government, such as social insurances, local authorities and communities. It is the financial balance of the economic accounts. In simple terms: If a country at the end of the year has more money, than at at the beginning, it is a surplus - it is less, it is called deficit.

The budget balance in Denmark in the period between 1998 and 2021 varied between -11.42 bn Euro and +16.06 bn Euro. In 2021 was reached a balance of 9.33 bn Euro.

In ratio to population, this equals a surplus of 1,600 Euro per capita in Denmark. For comparison, the average debt per capita in the European Union was in the same year at 1,786 Euro.


Budget deficit and surplus in the last 23 years

YearDenmark totalDenmark per capitaEU per capita
19980.09 bn USD16 USD-398 USD
19992.59 bn USD487 USD-204 USD
20003.63 bn USD680 USD112 USD
20012.39 bn USD446 USD-299 USD
20020.65 bn USD120 USD-565 USD
20030.21 bn USD38 USD-840 USD
20045.22 bn USD966 USD-920 USD
200513.12 bn USD2,421 USD-822 USD
200614.12 bn USD2,597 USD-568 USD
200716.06 bn USD2,940 USD-360 USD
200811.28 bn USD2,053 USD-1,085 USD
2009-9.03 bn USD-1,634 USD-2,021 USD
2010-8.74 bn USD-1,575 USD-1,970 USD
2011-7.09 bn USD-1,273 USD-1,462 USD
2012-11.42 bn USD-2,042 USD-1,220 USD
2013-4.25 bn USD-756 USD-1,027 USD
20144.04 bn USD716 USD-852 USD
2015-3.54 bn USD-622 USD-577 USD
20160.41 bn USD72 USD-423 USD
20175.95 bn USD1,032 USD-263 USD
20182.72 bn USD469 USD-139 USD
201914.13 bn USD2,429 USD-197 USD
2020-0.65 bn USD-112 USD-2,313 USD
20219.33 bn USD1,600 USD-1,786 USD


(negative numbers = deficit)
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