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Gross debt in Czechia

The government gross debt refers to the total of all sums of money that have to be paid to other countries, communities or institutions. On the other hand not included in the gross debt are the demands of a country to foreign ones.

The gross debt in Czechia in the period from 1998 to 2019 was between 9.5 bn and 92.2 bn USD. The hightest level within the past 21 years was reached in 2012. However, the liabilities in 2019 have been only 76.60 bn USD

Based on the number of inhabitants, this is in Czechia a debt of 7,179 USD per person. For comparison: The average debt per person in the same year in the European Union was 32,667 USD.


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Gross debt of the last 21 years in billion USD




JahrCzechia totalCzechia per capitaEU per capita
19989.47 bn USD920 USD12,387 USD
199910.05 bn USD978 USD12,342 USD
200010.65 bn USD1,038 USD10,778 USD
200116.39 bn USD1,604 USD10,717 USD
200220.81 bn USD2,041 USD11,593 USD
200326.81 bn USD2,630 USD14,402 USD
200435.53 bn USD3,484 USD16,970 USD
200539.16 bn USD3,835 USD17,846 USD
200644.46 bn USD4,342 USD18,591 USD
200754.28 bn USD5,271 USD20,509 USD
200862.21 bn USD5,991 USD23,520 USD
200969.50 bn USD6,654 USD25,266 USD
201078.30 bn USD7,475 USD30,683 USD
201187.11 bn USD8,299 USD34,278 USD
201292.22 bn USD8,774 USD33,161 USD
201389.11 bn USD8,475 USD35,247 USD
201487.12 bn USD8,278 USD36,694 USD
201575.38 bn USD7,148 USD31,489 USD
201671.88 bn USD6,803 USD31,202 USD
201777.41 bn USD7,306 USD32,056 USD
201879.64 bn USD7,492 USD33,826 USD
201976.60 bn USD7,179 USD32,667 USD


Comparison of the gross debt per capita with the European Union in Euro



      Czechia       European Union


Budget deficit in Czechia

The budget deficit of a country is the result of all its claims and liabilities. This includes incomes and expenses, repayments and building of new debts in other countries, but also domestic positions of the government, such as social insurances, local authorities and communities. It is the financial balance of the economic accounts. In simple terms: If a country at the end of the year has more money, than at at the beginning, it is a surplus - it is less, it is called deficit.

The budget balance in Czechia in the period between 1998 and 2019 varied between -11.29 bn Euro and +3.29 bn Euro. In 2019 was reached a balance of 665.77 m Euro.

In ratio to population, this equals a surplus of 62 Euro per capita in Czechia. For comparison, the average debt per capita in the European Union was in the same year at 332 Euro.


Budget deficit and surplus in the last 21 years

JahrCzechia totalCzechia per capitaEU per capita
1998-3.09 bn USD-300 USD-350 USD
1999-2.23 bn USD-217 USD-180 USD
2000-2.13 bn USD-208 USD98 USD
2001-3.60 bn USD-352 USD-263 USD
2002-5.15 bn USD-505 USD-496 USD
2003-6.41 bn USD-628 USD-738 USD
2004-3.23 bn USD-317 USD-808 USD
2005-4.23 bn USD-415 USD-722 USD
2006-3.38 bn USD-330 USD-499 USD
2007-1.24 bn USD-120 USD-315 USD
2008-4.68 bn USD-451 USD-951 USD
2009-11.29 bn USD-1,081 USD-2,252 USD
2010-8.69 bn USD-830 USD-2,486 USD
2011-6.21 bn USD-592 USD-1,907 USD
2012-8.14 bn USD-775 USD-1,689 USD
2013-2.72 bn USD-259 USD-1,354 USD
2014-4.35 bn USD-413 USD-1,226 USD
2015-1.21 bn USD-115 USD-871 USD
20161.40 bn USD132 USD-620 USD
20173.29 bn USD311 USD-406 USD
20182.27 bn USD214 USD-288 USD
20190.67 bn USD62 USD-332 USD


(negative numbers = deficit)