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Gross debt in Belgium

The government gross debt refers to the total of all sums of money that have to be paid to other countries, communities or institutions. On the other hand not included in the gross debt are the demands of a country to foreign ones.

The gross debt in Belgium in the period from 1998 to 2021 was between 256.2 billion and 649.0 billion USD. The highest level of the last years at 649 billion US Dollar was reached in 2021. The budget deficit in the same year was 33.1 billion USD.

Based on the number of inhabitants, this is in Belgium a debt of 56,003 USD per person. For comparison: The average debt per person in the same year in the European Union was 33,714 USD.


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Gross debt of the last 23 years in billion USD




YearBelgium totalBelgium per capitaEU per capita
1998299.68 bn USD29,371 USD14,079 USD
1999289.15 bn USD28,275 USD14,032 USD
2000259.49 bn USD25,313 USD11,232 USD
2001256.19 bn USD24,905 USD11,255 USD
2002272.44 bn USD26,366 USD12,258 USD
2003323.37 bn USD31,165 USD15,286 USD
2004358.76 bn USD34,427 USD17,595 USD
2005366.98 bn USD35,022 USD18,327 USD
2006373.53 bn USD35,413 USD18,877 USD
2007411.24 bn USD38,702 USD20,898 USD
2008481.96 bn USD45,001 USD24,086 USD
2009484.31 bn USD44,858 USD25,361 USD
2010482.73 bn USD44,305 USD26,496 USD
2011541.64 bn USD49,069 USD29,231 USD
2012520.03 bn USD46,820 USD28,174 USD
2013550.41 bn USD49,322 USD29,981 USD
2014573.09 bn USD51,127 USD30,648 USD
2015486.51 bn USD43,153 USD25,920 USD
2016499.89 bn USD44,115 USD26,262 USD
2017512.93 bn USD45,092 USD27,025 USD
2018542.53 bn USD47,478 USD28,454 USD
2019523.09 bn USD45,530 USD27,178 USD
2020588.56 bn USD50,983 USD30,798 USD
2021648.95 bn USD56,003 USD33,714 USD


Comparison of gross debt per capita with the European Union in U.S. dollars



      Belgium       European Union


Budget deficit in Belgium

The budget deficit of a country is the result of all its claims and liabilities. This includes incomes and expenses, repayments and building of new debts in other countries, but also domestic positions of the government, such as social insurances, local authorities and communities. It is the financial balance of the economic accounts. In simple terms: If a country at the end of the year has more money, than at at the beginning, it is a surplus - it is less, it is called deficit.

The budget balance in Belgium in the period between 1998 and 2021 varied between -47.20 billion Euro and +946.11 million Euro. In 2021 was reached a balance of -33.08 billion Euro.

In ratio to population, this equals a new indebtedness of 2,854 Euro per capita in Belgium only in 2021. For comparison, the average debt per capita in the European Union was in the same year at 1,788 Euro.


Budget deficit and surplus in the last 23 years

YearBelgium totalBelgium per capitaEU per capita
1998-2,375.28 M USD-233 USD-398 USD
1999-1,637.81 M USD-160 USD-204 USD
2000-84.42 M USD-8 USD112 USD
2001946.11 M USD92 USD-299 USD
2002-219.28 M USD-21 USD-565 USD
2003-328.95 M USD-32 USD-840 USD
2004-588.24 M USD-56 USD-920 USD
2005-10,686.45 M USD-1,020 USD-822 USD
2006900.14 M USD85 USD-568 USD
2007308.91 M USD29 USD-360 USD
2008-5,666.70 M USD-529 USD-1,085 USD
2009-26,245.95 M USD-2,431 USD-2,021 USD
2010-19,679.09 M USD-1,806 USD-1,970 USD
2011-22,661.48 M USD-2,053 USD-1,462 USD
2012-21,425.58 M USD-1,929 USD-1,220 USD
2013-16,328.86 M USD-1,463 USD-1,027 USD
2014-16,358.88 M USD-1,459 USD-852 USD
2015-11,159.13 M USD-990 USD-577 USD
2016-11,250.64 M USD-993 USD-423 USD
2017-3,438.02 M USD-302 USD-263 USD
2018-4,726.72 M USD-414 USD-139 USD
2019-10,452.88 M USD-910 USD-197 USD
2020-47,195.48 M USD-4,088 USD-2,313 USD
2021-33,075.15 M USD-2,854 USD-1,788 USD


(negative numbers = deficit)
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