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Country comparison

Spain

Portugal

Spain
All information: Spain
 
Portugal
All information: Portugal
 
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This country comparison is a concise, tabular overview of numerous data from our respective country pages for Spain and Portugal. For further information and explanations, we provide many details per country that go far beyond this comparison. For example, there are separate sub-pages for both countries on economy, climate, energy, refugees, inflation, population and much more.
In addition, we offer several international comparisons on individual topics, which are also linked on this page.

General information

 SpainPortugal
Region:Southern EuropeSouthern Europe
Area:505,935 km²92,226 km²
Official language:SpanishPortuguese
Government form:Parliamentary constitutional monarchySemi-presidential republic
Independent since:1492 AD1143 AD
Capital:MadridLisbon

Population

Details for Spain and Portugal
 SpainPortugal
Population:47,327,00010,299,000
Inhabitants/km²:93.5111.7
Life expectancy males:Ø 80 yearsØ 78 years
Life expectancy females:Ø 85 yearsØ 84 years
Average age:Ø 43.9 yearsØ 44.6 years
Birthrate:7.10 ‰8.20 ‰
Deathrate:10.40 ‰12.00 ‰
Migrationrate:4.35 ‰0.91 ‰

Quality of life

Values from 0 (bad) to 100 (very good)
See also: Explanations and country ranking on quality of life
 SpainPortugal
Political stability:6880
Civil rights:7376
Health:8782
Climate:7471
Cost of Living:4344
Popularity:6838

Economy

Details for Spain and Portugal
 SpainPortugal
Currency: euro
(1 EUR = 100 Cent)
euro
(1 EUR =100 Cent)
Unemployment rate:14.7 %6.7 %
Inflation rate:3.09 %1.27 %
Cost of Living:
(USA = 100%)
82.93 %76.42 %
Commercial taxes and contributions:47.00 %39.80 %
Average income:29,740 US$23,730 US$
Corruption index:39 (moderate)38 (moderate)

 ESP:
total
per 1000
inh.
PRT:
total
per 1000
inh.
Gross domestic product:1,425,277 M US$30.12 M US$249,886 M US$24.26 M US$
Gross national product:1,407,504 M US$29.74 M US$244,396 M US$23.73 M US$
Exported goods:496,963 M US$10.50 M US$105,295 M US$10.22 M US$
Imported goods:475,429 M US$10.05 M US$111,858 M US$10.86 M US$
Gross debt:1,687,991 M US$35.67 M US$318,420 M US$30.92 M US$
Budget deficit:97,950 M US$2.07 M US$7,069 M US$0.69 M US$

Infrastructure

Details for Spain and Portugal
 ESP:
total
per 1000
inh.
PRT:
total
per 1000
inh.
Roadways:683,175 km14.44 km82,900 km8.05 km
Railways:15,718 km0.33 km2,526 km0.25 km
Waterways:1,000 km0.02 km210 km0.02 km
Harbours:4780.01017260.0705
Passenger airports:420.0009180.0017

Energy balance

Details for Spain and Portugal
 ESP:
total
per 1000
inh.
PRT:
total
per 1000
inh.
Energy consumption:239.50 bn kWh5.06 m kWh46.94 bn kWh4.56 m kWh
Energy production:258.60 bn kWh5.46 m kWh56.90 bn kWh5.52 m kWh
Energy export:14.18 bn kWh299,619.54 kWh9.70 bn kWh941,897.42 kWh
Energy imports:21.85 bn kWh461,684.55 kWh4.62 bn kWh448,180.45 kWh
CO2 emissions:239.98 m t5,070.71 t44.64 m t4,334.22 t

Telecommunication

Details for Spain and Portugal
 SpainPortugal
International dialing:+34+351
Internet domain:.es.pt

 ESP
total
ESP
per 1000
inh.
PRT
total
PRT
per 1000
inh.
Landlines:19,455,6584115,212,507506
Mobile cellulars:55,647,705117611,854,9991151
Internet server:4,228,000893,748,000364
Internet users:44,111,1469328,060,499783
Broadband Internet:16,188,5023424,160,795404

Healthcare system

Details for Spain and Portugal
 SpainPortugal
Hospital beds per 1000 inh.:2.973.45
Physicians per 1000 inh.:4.073.34
Diabetes:6.9 %9.8 %
HIV:0.17 %0.14 %
Tuberculosis:0.07 ‰0.16 ‰
Tuberculosis cure rate:47.0 %71.0 %
Smokers:27.7 %25.4 %

Climate

We also provide a more detailed climate comparison of both countries.
The data for each country can be found here: Spain and Portugal
 SpainPortugal
Daytime temperatures:21.1 °C21.5 °C
Nighttime temperatures:11.2 °C13.2 °C
Water temperature:16.7 °C16.7 °C
Rel. humidity:68 %74 %
Rain days:5.96.3
Sunshine hours per day:7.07.2

Native languages

 SpainPortugal
Portuguese:n/a99.0 %
Spanish:74.0 %n/a
Catalan:17.0 %n/a
Galecian:7.0 %n/a
Basque:2.0 %n/a
other:0.0 %1.0 %

Religions

 SpainPortugal
Christianity:94.0 %84.3 %
Nondenominational:n/a6.8 %
other:6.0 %8.9 %

Data inventory and updates

A country comparison like this can be based on several hundred individual data items from dozens of different sources. All data are based on the most recent data available to us. Most of them refer to the previous year and are updated around March of the following year. If a country has not yet published data for the most recent or penultimate year, we present the most recent official data. Updates are made on an ongoing basis depending on the subject area or source, so there is no single "cutoff date" for this comparison. Sources for almost all data can be found on our respective country pages.