Colors of the following climate diagrams: Ivory Coast Ghana
Daily maximum temperatures
The highest daytime temperatures in Ghana are reached in February with an average of 34.7 °C. The coldest month, on the other hand, is August, with an average of just 28.8 °C. In Ivory Coast, February is the warmest month, with 35.1 °C. There, it is coolest in August with an average of 29.2 °C.
Night time lows
At night, it cools down to varying degrees depending on the country and altitude. In Ghana, temperatures drop as low as 21.6 °C in January. The warmest nights are in April at 24.9 °C. In Ivory Coast, it is coolest at night in January at 20.0 °C and warmest in March at 23.3 °C. This corresponds to a cooling of 6.4 to 11.7 °C in Ghana and 7.3 to 13.9 °C in Ivory Coast.
The humidity of the air depends to a large extent on the air temperature. The warmer the air, the more water it can absorb. At a temperature of 25°C it is 23 grams per cubic meter, at 30 degrees it is already 26 grams. Therefore, the air humidity is given as a relative value to the temperature-dependent maximum amount. It becomes unpleasant when high humidity is combined with high temperatures.
Humidex is an approximate, sensed temperature calculated on the basis of air temperature, dew point and humidity. It was developed in 1965 by the Canadian meteorologists J. M. Masterton and F. A. Richardson. Since the wind speed is ignored here, it is not very meaningful in areas below approx. 15°C. Above that, it is more reliable, since at higher temperatures humidity plays a greater role than wind.
Rain days per month
By definition, a rain day is a day on which at least 0.1 liters of precipitation per m² fall. This corresponds to a 1 square meter puddle in which the water stands 0.1 mm high — insofar as the water does not seep away or evaporate. So it does not have to rain all day long. September brings the most rainy days (11.7) in Ghana. With an average of only 1.0 days, January is the friendliest. In Ivory Coast, it rains most often in October with 12.8 days.
Precipitation amount per day
Depending on the season and the location of a country, the wind brings a varying amount of water with it. As a rule, the water evaporating in the oceans is absorbed and then transported inland. The greatest amount of rain (hail or dew are also forms of precipitation) in Ghana occurs in June, when about 5.7 liters per square meter fall per day. In Ivory Coast, the average amount of precipitation ranges from 0.5 liters per day in January to 7.9 in June. However, these are average values. If you consider that there are only 12.0 rainy days in Ivory Coast in June, each of them accounts for about 19.8 liters.
Sunshine hours per day
With 2,373 hours of sunshine per year, Ghana is in the lead. The most hours of sunshine (7.9 per day) are in November. Ivory Coast falls into second place with only 2,263 hours. There the sun is visible in August for only 3.4 hours per day, so not hidden behind clouds.