Transport and infrastructure in Turkmenistan

Our listing of the primary kinds of transport compares the infrastructure of Turkmenistan with the average of all countries in Asia. The main traffic and transport routes are in good condition, but do not reach the level of the leading industrial nations.

In terms of the length of its rail network, Turkmenistan ranks 14th in the world with 0.84 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 5,113 kilometers long. Freight traffic on the rails most recently totaled 13.33 billion tons and kilometers traveled. Passenger traffic reached 2.34 billion passenger-kilometers in 2017.

The waterways and ports listed refer to inland traffic on rivers and canals, as there is no direct access to the sea in Turkmenistan.

Airports in Turkmenistan

Back to overview: Turkmenistan

Road traffic

The network of roads and highways has a total length of 58,592 km. For each of the country's 6.12 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 9.58 meters. This puts Turkmenistan in 53rd place in the global ranking. However, it is also important to note the country's population density, which is very low at around 13 inhabitants per km². Like this, disproportionately long distances generally have to be covered to reach the more remote parts of the country.

With an average of 870 traffic fatalities per year (2012 - 2019), road traffic in Turkmenistan is considered reasonably safe. This corresponds to around 4.3 accident fatalities per 15.3 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 12.2 in the USA and 17.1 worldwide.

In Turkmenistan, traffic drives on the right-hand side of the road, i.e. people drive in the right-hand lane and overtake on the left. Oncoming traffic comes toward you on the left side. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.



 totalper 1 mio
per km²
Roadways58,600 km9,577.09 km120.04 m
Railroads5,100 km835.74 km10.48 m
Waterways1,300 km212.49 km2.66 m
Commercial harbors7311.930.000


 total per 1 mio
per km²
Roadways14,699,500 km3,162.10 km459.66 m
Railroads280,000 km60.24 km8.76 m
Waterways260,300 km55.99 km8.14 m
Commercial harbors46,0549.910.001

Data sources used

Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
CIA Factbook
OECD Statistics
Wikipedia (german)
Turkmenistan: AirportsLargest airports and airlines in TurkmenistanThe 6 biggest airports and Turkmenistan in Turkmenistan with further information and data
Turkmenistan: ClimateClimate and temperature development in TurkmenistanA climate analysis for Turkmenistan incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, Water temperature, Rainfalls
Ranking: MegacitiesMega cities - the biggest cities all over the worldRanking of the biggest cities worldwide. On top: Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing