Telecommunication in TurkmenistanCompared to the European Union, Turkmenistan is massively lagging behind in the development of telecommunications. Under the country code +993, there were a total of 10.06 m connections in 2019. Among them were 9.38 m million mobile phones, which corresponds to an average of 1.6 per person. In the EU, this figure is 1.2 mobile phones per person.
In the expansion of broadband Internet connections, Turkmenistan is back. Around 21% of all residents have access to the Internet. Approximately 0% have their own fast Internet connection, which is at least faster than the previous ISDN (more than 2048 kbit/s).
With about 714 webhosts, Turkmenistan is below the world's average by population.
Back to overview: Turkmenistan
Development of telephone and internet connectionsWith an average download speed of 2.8 Mbit/second for fixed-network broadband internet, Turkmenistan ranked 175th in an international comparison. The upload rate was 2.8 Mbit/second (173rd place). The quality of the Internet, consisting of signal fluctuations (jitter) and latency, is very far ahead at 18th place.
In mobile internet, i.e. on tablets and smartphones, Turkmenistan comes 141st with a download speed of 2.8 Mbit/second. The upload speed of around 2 Mbit was enough for 141st place.
The "Speedtest Global Index" published regularly by Ookla is based on several million individual measurements in Februar 2021 from 175 countries.
The following diagrams show the development of the various telephone and Internet connections as a percentage of the country's population. Values above 100% mean that, on average, every inhabitant has more than one connection.
Access to the Internet in Turkmenistan from 1990 - 2019
Broadband internet in Turkmenistan 2008 - 2019
Landlines 1990 - 2019
Mobile phones 1990 - 2019
|Spreading in 2019||Turkmenistan|
|Internet users||1.26 m||21.25 %||382.36 m||85.43 %|
|Broadband users||5,000.00||0.08 %||158.30 m||35.37 %|
|Landlines||682,000.00||11.48 %||165.48 m||36.97 %|
|Mobile cellulars||9.38 m||157.81 %||542.60 m||121.23 %|