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Natural gas and oil in Turkmenistan

Energy consumption in Turkmenistan

The most important figure in the energy balance of Turkmenistan is the total consumption of
15.09 billion kWh
of electric energy per year. Per capita this is an average of 2,379 kWh.

Turkmenistan can completely be self-sufficient with domestically produced energy. The total production of all electric energy producing facilities is 21 bn kWh, also 140 percent of own requirements. The rest of the domestically produced energy is either exported into other countries or unused. Along with pure consumption, the production, imports and exports play an important role. Other energy sources, such as natural gas or crude oil are also used.

Back to overview: Turkmenistan

Energy Balance

ElectricitytotalTurkmenistan
per capita
USA
per capita
Own consumption15.09 bn kWh2,379.43 kWh11,756.77 kWh
Production21.18 bn kWh3,339.72 kWh12,338.29 kWh
Export3.20 bn kWh504.74 kWh29.21 kWh

100.0% of the country's population (as of 2020) has access to electricity.
Crude OilBarrel/dayTurkmenistan
per capita
USA
per capita
Production244,000.00 bbl0.038 bbl0.033 bbl
Export67,790.00 bbl0.011 bbl0.003 bbl

In 2018 there were still 600.00 m barrels of recoverable but not yet used crude oil reserves in the currently known deposits of Turkmenistan. Worldwide, there are still proved oil reserves totaling around 1.6 tn billion barrels. Turkmenistan therefore has a share of 0.037% and ranks 42nd out of 98 countries with crude oil reserves.
Natural GasCubic metersTurkmenistan
per capita
USA
per capita
Own consumption39.31 bn m³6,198.50 m³2,312.79 m³
Production77.45 bn m³12,212.52 m³2,328.46 m³
Export38.14 bn m³6,014.01 m³270.27 m³

CO₂ emissions

CO₂ emissions
in 2019
Turkmenistan
per capita
USA
per capita
total72.87 m t11.83 t14.67 t


Development of CO₂ emissions from 1990 to 2019 in million tons
See also: CO₂ equivalents by country

CO₂ emissions Turkmenistan


Production capacities per energy source

The given production capacities for electric energy have a theoretical value, which can only be obtained under ideal conditions. They are measuring the generatable amount of energy, that would be reached under permanent and full use of all capacities of all power plants.

In practice this isn't possible, because e.g. solar collectors are less efficient under clouds. Also wind- and water-power plants are not always operating under full load. All these values are only useful in relation to other energy sources or countries.

Energy sourcetotal
in Turkmenistan
Percentage
in Turkmenistan
Percentage
USA
per capita
in Turkmenistan
per capita
USA
Fossil fuels35.05 bn kWh100,0 %70,0 %5,526.58 kWh20,083.19 kWh
Nuclear power0.00 kWh0,0 %9,0 %0.00 kWh2,582.12 kWh
Water power0.00 kWh0,0 %7,0 %0.00 kWh2,008.32 kWh
Renewable energy0.00 kWh0,0 %14,0 %0.00 kWh4,016.64 kWh
Total production capacity35.05 bn kWh100,0 %100,0 %5,526.58 kWh28,690.27 kWh
Actual total production21.18 bn kWh60.4 %43.0 %3,339.72 kWh12,338.29 kWh

Usage of renewable energies

Renewable energy includes wind, solar, biomass and geothermal energy sources. This means all energy sources that renew themselves within a short time or are permanently available. Energy from hydropower is only partly a renewable energy. This is certainly the case with river or tidal power plants. Otherwise, numerous dams or reservoirs also produce mixed forms, e.g. by pumping water into their reservoirs at night and recovering energy from them during the day when there is an increased demand for electricity. Since it is not possible to clearly determine the amount of generated energy, all energy from hydropower is displayed separately.

In 2019, renewable energy accounted for around 0.1 percent of actual total consumption in Turkmenistan. The following chart shows the percentage share from 1990 to 2019:

Renewable energy Turkmenistan
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