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Natural gas and oil in Turkmenistan

Energy consumption in Turkmenistan

The most important measure in the energy balance of Turkmenistan is the total consumption of
15.09 billion kWh
of electric energy per year. Per capita this is an average of 2,502 kWh.


Turkmenistan can provide itself completely with self-produced energy. The total production of all electric energy producing facilities is 21 bn kWh, also 140% of own requirements. The rest of the self-produced energy is either exported into other countries or unused. Along with pure consumptions the production, imports and exports play an important role. Other energy sources such as natural gas or crude oil are also used.

Back to overview: Turkmenistan

Energy Balance

ElectricitytotalTurkmenistan
per capita
USA
per capita
Own consumption15.09 bn kWh2,502.00 kWh11,842.76 kWh
Production21.18 bn kWh3,511.75 kWh12,428.52 kWh
Export3.20 bn kWh530.74 kWh29.42 kWh

99.9% of the country's population (as of 2019) has access to electricity.
Crude OilBarrel/dayTurkmenistan
per capita
USA
per capita
Production244,000.00 bbl0.040 bbl0.033 bbl
Export67,790.00 bbl0.011 bbl0.004 bbl

In 2018 there were still 600.00 m barrels of recoverable but not yet used crude oil reserves in the currently known deposits of Turkmenistan. Worldwide, there are still proved oil reserves totaling around 1,620 bn billion barrels. Turkmenistan therefore has a share of 0.037% and ranks 42nd out of 98 countries with crude oil reserves.
Natural GasCubic metersTurkmenistan
per capita
USA
per capita
Own consumption39.31 bn m³6,517.79 m³2,329.70 m³
Production77.45 bn m³12,841.58 m³2,345.48 m³
Export38.14 bn m³6,323.80 m³272.24 m³

Carbon footprint

CO2 emissions
in 2018
Turkmenistan
per capita
USA
per capita
total71.73 m t12.26 t15.12 t


Development of CO2 emissions from 1992 to 2018 in million tons
See also: CO2 equivalents by country

Carbon footprint Turkmenistan


Production capacities per energy source

The given production capacities for electric energy have a theoretical value, which could only be obtainable under ideal conditions. They are measuring the generatable amount of energy, that would be reached under permanent and full use of all capacities of all power plants. In practice this isn't possible, because e.g. solar collectors are less efficient unter clouds. Also wind- and water-power plants are not always operating under full load. All these values are only useful in relation to other energy sources or countries.

Energy sourcetotal
in Turkmenistan
percentage
in Turkmenistan
percentage
USA
per capita
in Turkmenistan
per capita
USA
Fossil fuels35.05 bn kWh100,0 %70,0 %5,811.25 kWh20,230.06 kWh
Nuclear power0.00 kWh0,0 %9,0 %0.00 kWh2,601.01 kWh
Water power0.00 kWh0,0 %7,0 %0.00 kWh2,023.01 kWh
Renewable energy0.00 kWh0,0 %14,0 %0.00 kWh4,046.01 kWh
Total production capacity35.05 bn kWh100,0 %100,0 %5,811.25 kWh28,900.09 kWh
Actual total production21.18 bn kWh60.4 %43.0 %3,511.75 kWh12,428.52 kWh

Usage of renewable energies

Renewable energies include wind, solar, biomass and geothermal energy sources. This means all energy sources that renew themselves within a short time or are permanently available. Energy from hydropower is only partly a renewable energy. This is certainly the case with river or tidal power plants. Otherwise, numerous dams or reservoirs also produce mixed forms, e.g. by pumping water into their reservoirs at night and recovering energy from them during the day when there is an increased demand for electricity. Since it is not possible to clearly determine the amount of generated energy, all energies from hydropower are displayed separately.

In 2018, renewable energies accounted for around 0.1 percent of actual total consumption in Turkmenistan. The following chart shows the percentage share from 1990 to 2018:

Renewable energy Turkmenistan
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