Public health and Covid-19 in Turkey

Healthcare in Turkey

Healthcare in Turkey is slightly above average in a global comparison.

Probably the most important indicator that can be used to summarize the efficiency of all measures is general life expectancy. In other words, the theoretical age that a newborn child could potentially reach today. At the moment, this age in Turkey is 72.8 years for men and 79.1 years for women. For comparison: worldwide life expectancy is about 3.6 years lower (men: 69.8 / women: 74.9 years).

A total of 397.41 USD per inhabitant is spent annually on health measures at state expense. This corresponds to approximately 4.4 percent of the gross domestic product. Internationally, this amount averages 1,103.03 USD (~ 9.8% of the respective GDP).

Back to overview: Turkey

Spread of COVID-19 in Turkey

Since the beginning of the pandemic until May 28th, 2023, a total of 17,004,677 infected people and 101,419 deaths have been reported in Turkey.

The total of 17,004,677 infected people currently represents 20.16 percent of the total population.

Current vaccination status

According to official WHO data, a total of 139.69 million vaccine doses have been administered as of January 29th, 2023. More recent data are not yet available to WHO. There are 50.97 million people who have received at least one vaccination (61.9 percent). The booster vaccination was received by 27.90 million people (33.6 percent).

50.67 million of these are considered fully vaccinated in Turkey (= 60.9 percent).
This means that Turkey is only in the middle of the field in terms of vaccination coverage. The vaccination rate is higher in 119 countries.

Weight and size

Body height176 cm161 cm
Weight84.0 kg75.0 kg


TurkeyØ worldwide
Diabetes *11.10%8.81%

* The number of people suffering from diabetes refers only to inhabitants aged between 20 and 79 years.

Child vaccinations

TurkeyØ worldwide
Hepatitis B0.10%0.08%
DTP *9.50%8.14%

* DTP is a combined basic vaccination against diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough) and tetanus, which should be given to children up to the age of 23 months.

In Turkey, 30.7 percent of all over 15-year-olds are still smokers.

Medical supplies

Public health and Covid-19 in TurkeyMedical care provided by doctors and hospitals in Turkey is below average compared to the world population. The country provides 2.9 hospital beds per 1,000 inhabitants. The global mean here is 2.9 beds. Within the EU, 4.6 beds are available for every 1,000 residents.

With about 149,000 physicians in Turkey, there are about 1.76 doctors per 1000 inhabitants. Here again the comparison: worldwide this standard is 1.50 physicians per 1,000 inhabitants and in the EU is 3.57.

Due to the low level of care, the mortality of major known diseases can only be reduced in comparatively few cases. According to current information, about 16 percent of all people who suffer from cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases or chylomicron retention disease (CRD) still die.


The above data correspond to the information from the World Health Organization, Global Health Workforce Statistics, UNICEF, State of the World's Children, Childinfo, Global Health Observatory Data Repository and OECD. The case numbers for the spread of the COVID-19 come from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC).

Comparison: average ageAverage age by countryRising average age worldwide: since 1950 alone, more than 4 years. A list by country.
Comparison: Life expectancyAverage life expectancy by countryInternational ranking of life expectancy in 120 countries including summary by continents. Explanation of significant factors.
Comparison: quality of lifeQuality of life 2023 in country comparisonCompare the quality of life around the globe: In which countries is life pleasant, safe and healthy?