Turkey

Turkey auf der Karte
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Turkey

Parliamentary republic, independant since 1923

Region:
Western Asia
Area:
785,350 km²
Local name:
Türkiye
Capital:
Ankara
On further pages:
Sunrise + Sunset
Climate
Public Holidays
Tourism
Airports
Economy
Gross debt
Inflation Rates
Energy consumption
Telecommunication
Refugees
Country comparison
Current time in Turkey:
1:42 am
Thursday, May 24th, 2018

The countrywide time in Turkey is Turkey Time (TRT).
As in many countries near the equator, there is also no daylight saving time in Turkey.
So there is all over the year the same difference of 3 hours to Greenwich Mean Time.

Public Holidays in TurkeySunrise and sunset

Bevölkerung

79,512,000
101.2
Ø 72.5 years
Life expectancy females:
Ø 79.0 years
Birthrate:
16.2 ‰
Deathrate:
5.8 ‰
Males/Females:
49.2% : 50.8%

Population pyramid

Population pyramid Turkey 2016
The currency in Turkey is Turkish Lira (TRY).
1 Lira is divided into 100 Kurus.
Status: 05/23/2018
1 US$ = 4.59 Lira
1 Lira = 0.22 US$

The climate in Turkey

The climate in Turkey is subtropical. So it is much drier and warmer than in the most parts of the US or Central Europe. Only in a few humid months per year the intense of rain is a bit higher. Depending on the season, the average daytime temperatures range between 7 and 33 degrees. In some parts of the country the temperature raises up to 41 °C. In the colder months and depending in the region, the temperature lowers down to -1°C in a month's average.

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures

Zoom

Languages

Official language:
Turkish

mother tonguedistribution
Turkish87.6 %
Kurdish10.6 %
Arabic1.4 %
other0.4 %

Religions

branchdistribution
Christs0.2%
Sunni70.0%
Shia4.0%
Alevites25.0%
Yazidis0.1%
Jews0.1%
other0.6%

Economy more...

(per year)
GDP:780.30 bn €
Exportations:139.24 bn €
Importations:174.21 bn €
Budget deficit:14,364 M €
Tourism receipts:24.12 bn €
Gross debt:225.11 bn €
Unemployment rate:11.3 %
Inflation rate:7.78 %
corruption index:40 (bad)
Energy consumption:213.2 bn kWh

Land use

6% Urban areas:44,090 km²
49% Agricultural areas:385,431 km²
15% Forest:117,138 km²
2% Water areas:15,720 km²
28% Others:222,971 km²

Transport more...

Roadways:385,754 km
Railways:12,008 km
Waterways:1,200 km
Airports:98

Most important cities in Turkey

CityRegionPopulation
Ankara / CapitalAnkara4,588,000
IstanbulIstanbul14,657,000
IzmirIzmir2,848,000
BursaBursa1,800,000
AdanaAdana1,737,000
GaziantepGaziantep1,556,000
KonyaKonya1,175,000
AntalyaAntalya1,068,000
DiyarbakirDiyarbakir930,000
MercinMersin916,000
KayseriKayseri905,000
ÇankayaAnkara792,000
BagcilarIstanbul724,000
EskisehirEskisehir685,000
SanliurfaSanliurfa561,000
SamsunSamsun541,000
KahramanmarasKahramanmaras476,000
KarabaglarIzmir458,000
MalatyaMalatya438,000
VanVan388,000
ErzurumErzurum386,000
BatmanBatman382,000
DenizliDenizli313,000
ElazigElazig298,000
AdapazariSakarya287,000
GebzeKocaeli281,000
SivasSivas264,000
TarsusMersin256,000
TrabzonTrabzon244,000
ManisaManisa244,000




Political indicators

(Based on the "Worldwide Governance Indicators" project of the World Bank)

Political stability:
Rule of law:
Effectivity:
Regulatory quality:
Voice accountability:
Death penalty:abolished in 2004



Alliances