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Gross debt in Turkey

The government gross debt refers to the total of all sums of money that have to be paid to other countries, communities or institutions. On the other hand not included in the gross debt are the demands of a country to foreign ones.

The gross debt in Turkey in the period from 1998 to 2020 was between 83.7 billion and 315.5 billion USD. The hightest level within the past 22 years was reached in 2010. However, the liabilities in 2020 have been only 259 billion USD

Based on the number of inhabitants, this is in Turkey a debt of 3,066 USD per person. For comparison: The average debt per person in the same year in the European Union was 30,776 USD.


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Gross debt of the last 22 years in billion USD




YearTurkey totalTurkey per capitaEU per capita
199883.65 bn USD1,364 USD14,079 USD
199999.60 bn USD1,599 USD14,032 USD
2000101.99 bn USD1,613 USD11,232 USD
2001145.38 bn USD2,265 USD11,255 USD
2002161.30 bn USD2,476 USD12,258 USD
2003188.71 bn USD2,855 USD15,286 USD
2004222.36 bn USD3,318 USD17,595 USD
2005247.05 bn USD3,638 USD18,327 USD
2006241.86 bn USD3,518 USD18,877 USD
2007256.25 bn USD3,683 USD20,898 USD
2008292.61 bn USD4,155 USD24,086 USD
2009285.19 bn USD3,999 USD25,361 USD
2010315.51 bn USD4,362 USD26,496 USD
2011309.89 bn USD4,219 USD29,231 USD
2012296.72 bn USD3,975 USD28,174 USD
2013307.91 bn USD4,055 USD29,981 USD
2014279.88 bn USD3,624 USD30,648 USD
2015249.36 bn USD3,175 USD25,920 USD
2016251.63 bn USD3,152 USD26,262 USD
2017240.26 bn USD2,962 USD27,025 USD
2018221.01 bn USD2,684 USD28,454 USD
2019234.24 bn USD2,808 USD27,178 USD
2020258.61 bn USD3,066 USD30,776 USD


Comparison of the gross debt per capita with the European Union in Euro



      Turkey       European Union


Budget deficit in Turkey

The budget deficit of a country is the result of all its claims and liabilities. This includes incomes and expenses, repayments and building of new debts in other countries, but also domestic positions of the government, such as social insurances, local authorities and communities. It is the financial balance of the economic accounts. In simple terms: If a country at the end of the year has more money, than at at the beginning, it is a surplus - it is less, it is called deficit.

The budget balance in Turkey in the period between 2001 and 2010 varied between -46.71 bn Euro and +3.95 bn Euro. In 2010 was reached a balance of -19.04 bn Euro.

In ratio to population, this equals a surplus of 0 Euro per capita in Turkey. For comparison, the average debt per capita in the European Union was in the same year at 1,970 Euro.


Budget deficit and surplus in the last 9 years

YearTurkey totalTurkey per capitaEU per capita
2001-46.71 bn USD-728 USD-299 USD
2002-23.48 bn USD-360 USD-565 USD
2003-27.20 bn USD-412 USD-840 USD
2004-17.39 bn USD-260 USD-920 USD
2005-5.65 bn USD-83 USD-822 USD
20063.95 bn USD57 USD-568 USD
2007-9.86 bn USD-142 USD-360 USD
2008-20.47 bn USD-291 USD-1,085 USD
2009-42.82 bn USD-600 USD-2,021 USD
2010-19.04 bn USD-263 USD-1,970 USD


(negative numbers = deficit)
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