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Tsunamis in Sri Lanka

In a total of 4 tidal waves classified as a tsunami since 1883 a total of 35,333 people died in Sri Lanka. Tsunamis therefore occur only rarely here.

The strongest tidal wave registered in Sri Lanka so far reached a height of 12.50 meters. At this Tsunami on 12/26/2004 a total of 35,322 people have been killed.

Other natural hazards in Sri Lanka:
Cyclones
The most severe natural disasters worldwide


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Tsunamis are caused by earthquakes or other seismic eruptions on ground of an oceans and can cause massive tidal waves, which run with enormous force on land, causing great devastation. Especially in regions with only few tsunamis, the damage is often drastic, as the population does not expect tsunamis and thus hardly takes any protective measures. Even relatively small flood waves can lead to high losses and financial damage.

The marked positions on the map represent the most effected regions within the past 140 years.

The largest tsunamis in Sri Lanka since 1883

DateCausemax. tidal waveFatalitiesTotal damage
03/28/2005Earthquake in Indonesia (Indonesia) with a magnitude of 8.6.0.21 m10
12/26/2004Earthquake in Indonesia (Off W. Coast Of Sumatra) with a magnitude of 9.1. The tsunami caused damages in 20 further countries. A total of 227,899 humans died.12.50 m35,322
01/04/1907Earthquake in Indonesia (Nw. Sumatra) with a magnitude of 7.6. The tsunami also reached Indonesia, Reunion. A total of 400 humans died.2.1 m0
08/27/1883Volcano in Indonesia (Krakatau) The tsunami also reached Australia, Indonesia, India, New Zealand, Reunion. A total of 34,417 humans died.3.6 m1


These evaluations are based on data from the Global Historical Tsunami Database of the National Geophysical Data Center, NOAA, and World Data Service (NGDC/WDS), doi:10.7289/V5PN93H7. Individual data have been summarized or translated.
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