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Cyclones in Sri Lanka

Cyclones only occur occasionally in Sri Lanka. On average, they happen about 3 times a year. The hardest hit regions are Eastern Province and Northern Province.

The typical cyclone season depends on the summer monsoon. In the months before (May to June) and after (October to November), the most severe storms occur.

Sri Lanka has certainly been affected by the foothills of several cyclones, but during the past 12 months no cyclone reached the inhabited areas on land.

Other natural hazards in Sri Lanka:
Tsunamis
The most severe natural disasters worldwide


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20.05.2022 © CIMSS University of Wisconsin-Madison

Most violent cyclones in Sri Lanka since 2018

Asani: 7th to 11th May 2022

Region:
Bay of Bengal
Wind speed:
max. 119 km/h
Diameter:
max. 130 km
Air pressure:
below 976 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
The cyclone did not make direct landfall. On May 10th, 2022 at 5:30 am it had the shortest distance at about 683 km northwest of Point Pedro in Northern Province.

Jawad: 3rd to 6th December 2021

Region:
Bay of Bengal
Wind speed:
max. 65 km/h
Diameter:
max. 130 km
Air pressure:
below 997 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
The cyclone did not make direct landfall. On December 03rd, 2021 at 11:30 pm it had the shortest distance at about 752 km northwest of Point Pedro in Northern Province.

Burevi: 29th November to 5th December 2020

Region:
Bay of Bengal
Wind speed:
max. 83 km/h
Diameter:
max. 296 km
Air pressure:
below 996 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
Affected regions
Eastern Province
Northern Province

Nivar: 22nd to 27th November 2020

Region:
Bay of Bengal
Wind speed:
max. 120 km/h
Diameter:
max. 167 km
Air pressure:
below 982 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 1
The cyclone did not make direct landfall. On November 25th, 2020 at 11:30 am it had the shortest distance at about 192 km northwest of Point Pedro in Northern Province.

Amphan: 15th to 21st May 2020

Region:
Bay of Bengal
Wind speed:
max. 241 km/h
Diameter:
max. 222 km
Eye:
max. 37 km
Air pressure:
below 920 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 4
The cyclone did not make direct landfall. On May 16th, 2020 at 2:30 am it had the shortest distance at about 563 km northwest of Shanjeev Home in Eastern Province.

Maha: 28th October to 11th November 2019

Region:
Arabian Sea
Wind speed:
max. 185 km/h
Diameter:
max. 185 km
Air pressure:
below 956 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 3
The cyclone did not make direct landfall. On October 28th, 2019 at 2:30 pm it had the shortest distance at about 121 km south of Matara in Southern.

Fani: 25th April to 4th May 2019

Region:
Bay of Bengal
Wind speed:
max. 213 km/h
Diameter:
max. 185 km
Eye:
max. 56 km
Air pressure:
below 932 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 4
The cyclone did not make direct landfall. On May 01st, 2019 at 2:30 am it had the shortest distance at about 608 km northwest of Point Pedro in Northern Province.


These evaluations are based on data from the National Centers for Environmental Information of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Individual data have been summarized or translated.
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