Foundation and aims of the Arab League
The origins of the Arab League go back to the time of the Second World War. Large parts of the founding members were part of the Ottoman Empire. The aims of the Arab League were very similar to those of NATO
and the Warsaw Pact. Its primary tasks were to strengthen the region in political, economic, cultural and social terms. At the end of the war, the region was to be stabilised and its independence secured. Egypt was the driving force and thus played a decisive role in its foundation.
On October 7, 1944, a "Protocol of Alexandria" was signed, which the later League signed as a loose union. After elaborating the more detailed ideas, the Arab League was founded the following year on 11 May 1945. The first member states were the kingdoms of Egypt, Iraq, Saudi Arabia and Yemen, as well as Lebanon, Syria and the then Emirate of Transjordan.
The history of the Arab League since then has been marked by numerous political and military conflicts in the region. In the immediate post-war period, the growing Jewish population in Palestine
played a major role. This led to the division of Palestine into a Jewish and an Arab state in 1949. With the withdrawal of the British Allies, there was also a lack of an overarching protective power and serious and recurrent conflicts with Israel
arose. In the 1980s, the Islamic Revolution led to further military conflicts with Iran and Iraq, which ultimately led to the first Gulf War.
The chairmanship is elected every 5 years, but the seat of the Arab League has been in Cairo (Egypt) since the beginning. Other sub-organizations are:
- the Arab Monetary Fund (AMF)
- Arab Fund for Economic and Social Development (AFESD)
- Arab Economic Development Bank (BADEA)
- Arab Air Carriers Organization
All member states are also members of the OIC, the Organisation for Islamic Cooperation