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Climate in Northern Mongolia

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures


All climate diagrams on this site result from the collected data from ten measuring weather stations in Northern Mongolia.
Weather stations at an altitude above 2050m have not been included.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.


Back to overview: Mongolia

Northern Mongolia is one of the coldest regions in Mongolia with an average daily high temperature of only 7 degrees. The climate is predominantly frosty cold and in the winter months the mercury does not even reach the positive range. In the cold season, the maximum temperatures are well below zero. Due to the warmer temperatures, the best time for traveling is from April to September. Winter athletes will find their favorite weather conditions from November to March.
Overview: Climate in Mongolia
Daylengths and sun positions in Mongolia
Compare climate with other regions or countries
Sunshine hours per day
The number of hours of sunshine refers to the time when the sun is actually visible. That is, without any obstruction of visibility by clouds, fog or mountains. With 10 hours per day, May is the sunniest month in the region of Northern Mongolia. In December, the sun shines the least.
Rain days per month
A rain day is a day on which at least 0.1 mm precipitation (=0.1 liter) per square meter falls. This can be rain, snow, hail or even dew. So it does not have to rain the whole day. With 11 rain days, July offers the most rain days, while January has the fewest.
Precipitation amount in mm/day
The amount of precipitation is measured in millimeters per square meter. Thus, at two mm/day, two liters of water fall on one square meter within 24 hours. With only 0.1 mm, the least amount of rain falls in January. July, on the other hand, has the most rain.
Climate charts for other regions in Mongolia

Map of Northern Mongolia

Most important cities in the region »Northern Mongolia«

Just 2 cities with over 50,000 inhabitants are located here. The region has a west-east extension of about 460 km and over 170 km from north to south.

It consists of the five provinces Bulgan, Darhan Uul, Hövsgöl, Orhon and Selenge.


CityPopulationGeo position
Erdenet79,64749° 1' 60"N104° 4' 60"E
Darhan74,30049° 29' 12"N105° 55' 22"E
Murun-kuren27,69049° 38' 3"N100° 9' 45"E
Sühbaatar24,23550° 13' 53"N106° 12' 28"E
Dzüünharaa18,83048° 51' 8"N106° 27' 28"E
Bulgan17,34848° 48' 45"N103° 32' 5"E
Altanbulag50050° 18' 56"N106° 29' 55"E


Data basis: German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements. Data on cities and inhabitants: geonames.org, United Nations Statistics Division and own research.
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