Tsunamis in India

In a total of 14 tidal waves classified as a tsunami since 1762 a total of 974 people died in India. Compared to other countries, Tsunamis therefore occur rather rarely.

The strongest tidal wave registered in India so far reached a height of 53 meters. At this Tsunami on 12/26/2004 a total of 898 people have been killed.

The biggest impact in terms of lifes, injuries, destroyed homes and economy had been a tsunami on 09/12/2007. A tidal wave of up to 30 meters killed 4 humans and destroyed vast areas.

Other natural hazards in India:

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The marked positions on the map represent the most effected regions within the past 260 years.

Tsunamis are caused by earthquakes or other seismic eruptions on ground of an oceans and can cause massive tidal waves, which run with enormous force on land, causing great devastation. Especially in regions with only few tsunamis, the damage is often drastic, as the population does not expect tsunamis and thus hardly takes any protective measures. Even relatively small flood waves can lead to high losses and financial damage.

The largest tsunamis in India since 1762

DateCausemax wave heightDeathsTotal damage
09/24/2013volkanos, earthquakes, landslides in Pakistan (Off Coast Gwadar) The tsunami also reached Iran, Pakistan, Oman.22m3
04/11/2012Earthquake in Indonesia (Off W. Coast Of N Sumatra) with a magnitude of 8.6. The tsunami caused damages in 9 further countries.17m3
04/11/2012Earthquake in Indonesia (Off W. Coast Of N Sumatra) with a magnitude of 8.2. The tsunami also reached Maldives, Thailand, Indonesia.32m3
09/12/2007Earthquake in Indonesia (Sumatra) with a magnitude of 8.4. The tsunami caused damages in 10 further countries.30m4
12/26/2004Earthquake in Indonesia (Off W. Coast Of Sumatra) with a magnitude of 9.1. The tsunami caused damages in 47 further countries. A total of 227,899 humans died.53m898
09/13/2002Earthquake in India (Andaman Islands, India) with a magnitude of 6.5.unknown4
11/27/1945Earthquake, landslide in Pakistan (Makran Coast) with a magnitude of 8.0. The tsunami also reached Pakistan, Seychelles, Oman. A total of 4,000 humans died.unknown7
08/27/1883Volcano in Indonesia (Krakatau) The tsunami caused damages in 15 further countries. A total of 34,417 humans died.unknown20
12/31/1881Earthquake in India (Bay Of Bengal: W Of Car Nicobar Is) with a magnitude of 7.9.unknown13
08/19/1868Eruption in India (Andaman Islands)unknown1
10/31/1847Earthquake in India (Little Nicobar Island)unknown1
06/19/1845Earthquake in India (Rann Of Kutch) with a magnitude of 6.3.unknown3
06/16/1819Earthquake in India (Kutch) with a magnitude of 7.7.unknown7
04/02/1762Earthquake in Bangladesh (Northern Bay Of Bengal) The tsunami also reached Burma, Bangladesh.unknown7

These statistics are based on datas from the National Geophysical Data Center / World Data Service (NGDC/WDS): Global Historical Tsunami Database. doi:10.7289/V5TD9V7K. Several data have been summarized and translated.