Tsunamis in India
In a total of 14 tidal waves classified as a tsunami since 1762 a total of 974 people died in India. Compared to other countries, Tsunamis therefore occur rather rarely.
The strongest tidal wave registered in India so far reached a height of 53 meters. At this Tsunami on 12/26/2004 a total of 898 people have been killed.
The biggest impact in terms of lifes, injuries, destroyed homes and economy had been a tsunami on 09/12/2007. A tidal wave of up to 30 meters killed 4 humans and destroyed vast areas. Other natural hazards in India:
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The marked positions on the map represent the most effected regions within the past 260 years.
Tsunamis are caused by earthquakes or other seismic eruptions on ground of an oceans and can cause massive tidal waves, which run with enormous force on land, causing great devastation. Especially in regions with only few tsunamis, the damage is often drastic, as the population does not expect tsunamis and thus hardly takes any protective measures. Even relatively small flood waves can lead to high losses and financial damage.
The largest tsunamis in India since 1762
|Date||Cause||max wave height||Deaths||Total damage|
|09/24/2013||volkanos, earthquakes, landslides in Pakistan (Off Coast Gwadar) The tsunami also reached Iran, Pakistan, Oman.||22m||3|
|04/11/2012||Earthquake in Indonesia (Off W. Coast Of N Sumatra) with a magnitude of 8.6. The tsunami caused damages in 9 further countries.||17m||3|
|04/11/2012||Earthquake in Indonesia (Off W. Coast Of N Sumatra) with a magnitude of 8.2. The tsunami also reached Maldives, Thailand, Indonesia.||32m||3|
|09/12/2007||Earthquake in Indonesia (Sumatra) with a magnitude of 8.4. The tsunami caused damages in 10 further countries.||30m||4|
|12/26/2004||Earthquake in Indonesia (Off W. Coast Of Sumatra) with a magnitude of 9.1. The tsunami caused damages in 47 further countries. A total of 227,899 humans died.||53m||898|
|09/13/2002||Earthquake in India (Andaman Islands, India) with a magnitude of 6.5.||unknown||4|
|11/27/1945||Earthquake, landslide in Pakistan (Makran Coast) with a magnitude of 8.0. The tsunami also reached Pakistan, Seychelles, Oman. A total of 4,000 humans died.||unknown||7|
|08/27/1883||Volcano in Indonesia (Krakatau) The tsunami caused damages in 15 further countries. A total of 34,417 humans died.||unknown||20|
|12/31/1881||Earthquake in India (Bay Of Bengal: W Of Car Nicobar Is) with a magnitude of 7.9.||unknown||13|
|08/19/1868||Eruption in India (Andaman Islands)||unknown||1|
|10/31/1847||Earthquake in India (Little Nicobar Island)||unknown||1|
|06/19/1845||Earthquake in India (Rann Of Kutch) with a magnitude of 6.3.||unknown||3|
|06/16/1819||Earthquake in India (Kutch) with a magnitude of 7.7.||unknown||7|
|04/02/1762||Earthquake in Bangladesh (Northern Bay Of Bengal) The tsunami also reached Burma, Bangladesh.||unknown||7|
These statistics are based on datas from the National Geophysical Data Center / World Data Service (NGDC/WDS): Global Historical Tsunami Database. doi:10.7289/V5TD9V7K
. Several data have been summarized and translated.
All contents without engagement.