Tsunamis in India

A total of 8 tidal waves classified as a tsunami since 1762 have killed 26,040 people in India. Compared to other countries, Tsunamis therefore occur rather rarely.

The strongest tidal wave registered in India so far reached a height of 17.30 meters. On 12/26/2004, this tsunami killed a total of 26,014 people.

Other natural hazards in India:
The most severe tsunamis in the world

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Tsunamis are caused by earthquakes or other seismic eruptions on ground of an oceans and can cause massive tidal waves, which run with enormous force on land, causing great devastation. Especially in regions with only few tsunamis, the damage is often drastic, as the population does not expect tsunamis and thus hardly takes any protective measures. Even relatively small flood waves can lead to high losses and financial damage.

The marked positions on the map represent the most affected regions within the past 210 years.

The largest tsunamis in India since 1762

DateCauseMax. tidal waveFatalitiesTotal damage
12/26/2004Earthquakes in Indonesia (Off W. Coast Of Sumatra) with a magnitude of 9.1. The tsunami caused damages in 20 further countries. A total of 227,899 humans died.17.30 m26,014
09/13/2002Earthquakes in India (Andaman Islands, India) with a magnitude of 6.5.0 m0
11/27/1945Earthquake, landslide in Pakistan (Makran Coast) with a magnitude of 8.0. The tsunami also reached Iran, Pakistan. A total of 4,000 humans died.11 m26
08/27/1883Volcano in Indonesia (Krakatau) The tsunami also reached Australia, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, New Zealand, Reunion. A total of 34,417 humans died.2 m0
12/31/1881Earthquakes in India (Bay Of Bengal: W Of Car Nicobar Is) with a magnitude of m0
08/19/1868Eruption in India (Andaman Islands)4 m0
06/16/1819Earthquakes in India (Kutch) with a magnitude of 7.7.0 m0
04/02/1762Earthquakes in Bangladesh (Northern Bay Of Bengal)1.8 m0

These evaluations are based on data from the Global Historical Tsunami Database of the National Geophysical Data Center, NOAA, and World Data Service (NGDC/WDS), doi:10.7289/V5PN93H7. Individual data have been summarized or translated.
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