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Cyclones in India

Cyclones occurfrequently in India. On average, they happen about 7 times a year. The hardest hit regions are Eastern, Southern and Western.

The typical cyclone season depends on the summer monsoon. In the months before (May to June) and after (October to November), the most severe storms occur.

The most severe cyclone to make landfall in India in the past 12 months was »Asani«. It reached a wind speed of up to 94 km/h on May 11, 2022 at 5:30 am local time near Bapatla and was 19 kilometers in diameter at the time. According to the internationally accepted Saffir-Simpson classification, this corresponded to a tropical storm cyclone. On the open sea, speeds of up to 119 km/h were even measured.

Other natural hazards in India:
Earthquake
Tsunamis
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05.10.2022 © CIMSS University of Wisconsin-Madison

Most violent cyclones in India since 2018

Asani: May 7-11, 2022

Region:
Bay of Bengal
Wind speed:
max. 119 km/h
on land:
max. 94 km/h
Diameter:
max. 130 km
Air pressure:
below 976 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
Affected regions
Southern

Jawad: December 3-6, 2021

Region:
Bay of Bengal
Wind speed:
max. 65 km/h
on land:
max. 46 km/h
Diameter:
max. 130 km
Air pressure:
below 997 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
Affected regions
Eastern

Gulab:shaheen Gu: September 24 to October 4, 2021

Region:
Arabian Sea
Wind speed:
max. 130 km/h
on land:
max. 63 km/h
Diameter:
max. 296 km
Air pressure:
below 974 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 1
Affected regions
Southern
Eastern
Central
Western

Yaas: May 24-27, 2021

Region:
Bay of Bengal
Wind speed:
max. 119 km/h
on land:
max. 109 km/h
Diameter:
max. 259 km
Air pressure:
below 974 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
Affected regions
Eastern

Tauktae: May 14-19, 2021

Region:
Arabian Sea
Wind speed:
max. 220 km/h
on land:
max. 202 km/h
Diameter:
max. 167 km
Eye:
max. 74 km
Air pressure:
below 935 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 4
Affected regions
Western
Northern

Krovanh: December 17-25, 2020

Region:
Bay of Bengal
Wind speed:
max. 65 km/h
Diameter:
max. 667 km
Air pressure:
below 1000 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
The cyclone did not make direct landfall. On December 25th, 2020 at 5:30 pm it had the shortest distance at about 465 km west of Port Blair in Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

Burevi: November 29 to December 5, 2020

Region:
Bay of Bengal
Wind speed:
max. 83 km/h
on land:
max. 56 km/h
Diameter:
max. 296 km
Air pressure:
below 996 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
Affected regions
Southern

Nivar: November 22-27, 2020

Region:
Bay of Bengal
Wind speed:
max. 120 km/h
Diameter:
max. 167 km
Air pressure:
below 982 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 1
Affected regions
Southern

Nisarga: May 31 to June 4, 2020

Region:
Arabian Sea
Wind speed:
max. 111 km/h
Diameter:
max. 167 km
Eye:
max. 74 km
Air pressure:
below 984 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
Affected regions
Western
Central

Amphan: May 15-21, 2020

Region:
Bay of Bengal
Wind speed:
max. 241 km/h
on land:
max. 157 km/h
Diameter:
max. 222 km
Eye:
max. 56 km
Air pressure:
below 920 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 4
Affected regions
Eastern
North Eastern

Bulbul:matmo: October 28 to November 11, 2019

Region:
Bay of Bengal
Wind speed:
max. 139 km/h
on land:
max. 111 km/h
Diameter:
max. 704 km
Air pressure:
below 976 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 1
Affected regions
Eastern
North Eastern

Maha: October 28 to November 11, 2019

Region:
Arabian Sea
Wind speed:
max. 185 km/h
on land:
max. 56 km/h
Diameter:
max. 185 km
Eye:
max. 56 km
Air pressure:
below 956 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 3
Affected regions
Western

Kyaar:kyarr: October 22 to November 3, 2019

Region:
Arabian Sea
Wind speed:
max. 241 km/h
Diameter:
max. 370 km
Eye:
max. 93 km
Air pressure:
below 922 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 4
The cyclone did not make direct landfall. On October 25th, 2019 at 11:30 am it had the shortest distance at about 178 km east of Malvan in Western.

Hikaa:hikka: September 20-26, 2019

Region:
Arabian Sea
Wind speed:
max. 139 km/h
Diameter:
max. 111 km
Air pressure:
below 978 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 1
The cyclone did not make direct landfall. On September 20th, 2019 at 11:30 pm it had the shortest distance at about 155 km east of Shirgaon in Western.

Vayu: June 8-18, 2019

Region:
Arabian Sea
Wind speed:
max. 148 km/h
on land:
max. 37 km/h
Diameter:
max. 185 km
Eye:
max. 37 km
Air pressure:
below 970 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 1
Affected regions
Southern
Western

Fani: April 25 to May 4, 2019

Region:
Bay of Bengal
Wind speed:
max. 213 km/h
on land:
max. 185 km/h
Diameter:
max. 185 km
Eye:
max. 56 km
Air pressure:
below 932 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 4
Affected regions
Eastern


These evaluations are based on data from the National Centers for Environmental Information of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Individual data have been summarized or translated.
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