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Cyclones in India

Cyclones occurfrequently in India. On average, they happen about 7 times a year. The hardest hit regions are Odisha, West Bengal and Andhra Pradesh.

The typical cyclone season depends on the summer monsoon. In the months before (May to June) and after (October to November), the most severe storms occur.

The most severe cyclone to make landfall in India in the past 12 months was »Yaas«. It reached a wind speed of up to 109 km/h on May 26, 2021 at 8:30 am local time near Balasore and was 16 kilometers in diameter at the time. According to the internationally accepted Saffir-Simpson classification, this corresponded to a tropical storm cyclone. On the open sea, speeds of up to 119 km/h were even measured.

Other natural hazards in India:
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Back to overview: India

Current cyclone: Asani

On May 7, 2022 at 11:30 am, cyclone »Asani« formed in the Bay of Bengal with an initial wind speed of 72 km/h. The storm system initially moved northeast at 19 km/h 19 km/h and reached a diameter of 65 kilometers in the meantime. At May 8, 2022 at 11:30 am, it reached its highest wind speed to date of 119 kilometers per hour. This corresponds to a cyclone of category of a tropical storm.

On May 11, 2022 at 5:30 pm, Asani made landfall near the city of Avanigadda (Andhra Pradesh) in India. At that time, the cyclone had a wind speed of 65 km/h and a diameter of 37 kilometers.

Asani has since subsided and is no longer under observation by the authorities. Its last position was about 9 km west of Andhra Pradesh.

Current satellite image of the Indian Ocean

 
Move the timeline below the image to see previous shots.
21.05.2022 © CIMSS University of Wisconsin-Madison

Most violent cyclones in India since 2018

Asani: 7th to 11th May 2022

Region:
Bay of Bengal
Wind speed:
max. 119 km/h
on land:
max. 94 km/h
Diameter:
max. 130 km
Air pressure:
below 976 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
Affected regions
Andhra Pradesh

Jawad: 3rd to 6th December 2021

Region:
Bay of Bengal
Wind speed:
max. 65 km/h
on land:
max. 46 km/h
Diameter:
max. 130 km
Air pressure:
below 997 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
Affected regions
Odisha
West Bengal

Gulab:shaheen Gu: 24th September to 4th October 2021

Region:
Arabian Sea
Wind speed:
max. 130 km/h
on land:
max. 63 km/h
Diameter:
max. 296 km
Air pressure:
below 974 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 1
Affected regions
Andhra Pradesh
Odisha
Chhattisgarh
Telangana
Maharashtra
Gujarat

Yaas: 24th to 27th May 2021

Region:
Bay of Bengal
Wind speed:
max. 119 km/h
on land:
max. 109 km/h
Diameter:
max. 259 km
Air pressure:
below 974 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
Affected regions
Odisha
Jharkhand

Tauktae: 14th to 19th May 2021

Region:
Arabian Sea
Wind speed:
max. 220 km/h
on land:
max. 202 km/h
Diameter:
max. 167 km
Eye:
max. 74 km
Air pressure:
below 935 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 4
Affected regions
Daman and Diu
Gujarat
Rajasthan

Krovanh: 17th to 25th December 2020

Region:
Bay of Bengal
Wind speed:
max. 65 km/h
Diameter:
max. 667 km
Air pressure:
below 1000 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
The cyclone did not make direct landfall. On December 25th, 2020 at 5:30 pm it had the shortest distance at about 465 km west of Port Blair in Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

Burevi: 29th November to 5th December 2020

Region:
Bay of Bengal
Wind speed:
max. 83 km/h
on land:
max. 56 km/h
Diameter:
max. 296 km
Air pressure:
below 996 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
Affected regions
Tamil Nadu

Nivar: 22nd to 27th November 2020

Region:
Bay of Bengal
Wind speed:
max. 120 km/h
Diameter:
max. 167 km
Air pressure:
below 982 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 1
Affected regions
Tamil Nadu
Andhra Pradesh

Nisarga: 31st May to 4th June 2020

Region:
Arabian Sea
Wind speed:
max. 111 km/h
Diameter:
max. 167 km
Eye:
max. 74 km
Air pressure:
below 984 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
Affected regions
Maharashtra
Madhya Pradesh

Amphan: 15th to 21st May 2020

Region:
Bay of Bengal
Wind speed:
max. 241 km/h
on land:
max. 157 km/h
Diameter:
max. 222 km
Eye:
max. 56 km
Air pressure:
below 920 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 4
Affected regions
West Bengal
Meghalaya

Bulbul:matmo: 28th October to 11th November 2019

Region:
Bay of Bengal
Wind speed:
max. 139 km/h
on land:
max. 111 km/h
Diameter:
max. 704 km
Air pressure:
below 976 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 1
Affected regions
West Bengal
Tripura

Maha: 28th October to 11th November 2019

Region:
Arabian Sea
Wind speed:
max. 185 km/h
on land:
max. 56 km/h
Diameter:
max. 185 km
Eye:
max. 56 km
Air pressure:
below 956 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 3
Affected regions
Maharashtra
Daman and Diu

Kyaar:kyarr: 22nd October to 3rd November 2019

Region:
Arabian Sea
Wind speed:
max. 241 km/h
Diameter:
max. 370 km
Eye:
max. 93 km
Air pressure:
below 922 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 4
The cyclone did not make direct landfall. On October 25th, 2019 at 11:30 am it had the shortest distance at about 178 km east of Malvan in Maharashtra.

Hikaa:hikka: 20th to 26th September 2019

Region:
Arabian Sea
Wind speed:
max. 139 km/h
Diameter:
max. 111 km
Air pressure:
below 978 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 1
The cyclone did not make direct landfall. On September 20th, 2019 at 11:30 pm it had the shortest distance at about 155 km east of Shirgaon in Maharashtra.

Vayu: 8th to 18th June 2019

Region:
Arabian Sea
Wind speed:
max. 148 km/h
on land:
max. 37 km/h
Diameter:
max. 185 km
Eye:
max. 37 km
Air pressure:
below 970 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 1
Affected regions
Laccadives
Gujarat

Fani: 25th April to 4th May 2019

Region:
Bay of Bengal
Wind speed:
max. 213 km/h
on land:
max. 185 km/h
Diameter:
max. 185 km
Eye:
max. 56 km
Air pressure:
below 932 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 4
Affected regions
Odisha
West Bengal


These evaluations are based on data from the National Centers for Environmental Information of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Individual data have been summarized or translated.
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