Public health and Covid-19 in Timor-Leste

Healthcare in East Timor

Healthcare in East Timor is slightly below average in a worldwide comparison.

Probably the most important indicator that can be used to summarize the efficiency of all measures is general life expectancy. In other words, the theoretical age that a newborn child could potentially reach today. At the moment, this age in Timor-Leste is 66.1 years for men and 69.5 years for women. For comparison: worldwide life expectancy is about 3.6 years lower (men: 68.9 / women: 73.9 years).

A total of 120.87 USD per inhabitant is spent annually on health measures at state expense. This corresponds to approximately 9.9 percent of the gross domestic product. Internationally, this amount averages 1,177.15 USD (~ 10.9% of the respective GDP).

Back to overview: Timor-Leste

Spread of COVID-19 in East Timor

Since the beginning of the pandemic until June 10th, 2023, a total of 23,450 infected people and 138 deaths have been reported in Timor-Leste.

The total of 23,450 infected people currently represents 1.8 percent of the total population.

Current vaccination status

According to official WHO data, a total of 2.02 million vaccine doses have been administered as of June 6th, 2023. There are 884,018 people who have received at least one vaccination (67.1 percent). The booster vaccination was received by 335,138 people (25.4 percent).

799,488 of these are considered fully vaccinated in Timor-Leste (= 60.6 percent).
This means that Timor-Leste is only in the middle of the field in terms of vaccination coverage. The vaccination rate is higher in 120 countries.

Weight and size

Body height159 cm152 cm
Weight53.9 kg49.0 kg


Timor-LesteØ worldwide
Diabetes *6.70%8.81%
HIV / Aids0.02%0.03%

* The number of people suffering from diabetes refers only to inhabitants aged between 20 and 79 years.

Child vaccinations

Timor-LesteØ worldwide
Hepatitis B0.09%0.08%
DTP *8.60%8.14%

* DTP is a combined basic vaccination against diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough) and tetanus, which should be given to children up to the age of 23 months.

In East Timor, 39.2 percent of all over 15-year-olds are still smokers.

Medical supplies

Public health and Covid-19 in Timor-LesteThe medical care provided by doctors and hospitals in East Timor is above average and also exceeds the average achieved in the EU countries. The country provides 5.9 hospital beds per 1,000 inhabitants. The global mean here is 2.9 beds. Within the EU, 4.6 beds are available for every 1,000 residents.

With about 951 physicians in Timor-Leste, there are about 0.72 doctors per 1000 inhabitants. Here again the comparison: worldwide this standard is 1.50 physicians per 1,000 inhabitants and in the EU is 3.57.

Through medical care, the mortality rate of major known diseases can be reduced as far as possible. For example, only about 20 percent of all people who suffer from cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases or chylomicron retention disease (CRD) currently die.


The above data correspond to the information from the World Health Organization, Global Health Workforce Statistics, UNICEF, State of the World's Children, Childinfo, Global Health Observatory Data Repository and OECD. The case numbers for the spread of the COVID-19 come from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC).

Comparison: average ageAverage age by countryRising average age worldwide: since 1950 alone, more than 4 years. A list by country.
Comparison: Life expectancyAverage life expectancy by countryInternational ranking of life expectancy in 119 countries including summary by continents. Explanation of significant factors.
Comparison: quality of lifeQuality of life 2023 in country comparisonCompare the quality of life around the globe: In which countries is life pleasant, safe and healthy?