Tsunamis in China

In a total of 14 tidal waves classified as a tsunami since 1640 a total of 59 people died in China. Compared to other countries, Tsunamis therefore occur rather rarely.

The strongest tidal wave registered in China so far reached a height of 20 meters. At this Tsunami on 05/22/1960 a total of 2 people have been killed.

The biggest impact in terms of lifes, injuries, destroyed homes and economy had been a tsunami on 03/28/1964.

Other natural hazards in China:
Earthquake
The most severe natural disasters worldwide


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The marked positions on the map represent the most effected regions within the past 380 years.

Tsunamis are caused by earthquakes or other seismic eruptions on ground of an oceans and can cause massive tidal waves, which run with enormous force on land, causing great devastation. Especially in regions with only few tsunamis, the damage is often drastic, as the population does not expect tsunamis and thus hardly takes any protective measures. Even relatively small flood waves can lead to high losses and financial damage.

The largest tsunamis in China since 1640

DateCausemax wave heightDeathsTotal damage
03/11/2011Earthquake in Japan (Honshu Island) with a magnitude of 9.1. The tsunami caused damages in 33 further countries. A total of 18,453 humans died.unknown4
02/27/2010Earthquake in Chile (Central Chile) with a magnitude of 8.8. The tsunami caused damages in 21 further countries. A total of 156 humans died.unknown2
12/26/2006Earthquake in China (Taiwan) with a magnitude of 7.0.unknown6
01/05/1992Earthquake in China (South China Sea) with a magnitude of 3.7.unknown10
03/28/1964Earthquake, landslide in the United States (Prince William Sound, Ak) with a magnitude of 9.2. The tsunami caused damages in 27 further countries. A total of 124 humans died.unknown2
05/22/1960Earthquake in Chile (Southern Chile) with a magnitude of 9.5. The tsunami caused damages in 31 further countries. A total of 2,226 humans died.20m2
11/04/1952Earthquake in Russia (Kamchatka) with a magnitude of 9.0. The tsunami caused damages in 21 further countries. A total of 10,000 humans died.unknown2
02/13/1918Earthquake, landslide in China (Guangdong Province) with a magnitude of 7.5.unknown1
01/25/1917Earthquake in China (South China Sea) with a magnitude of 6.5.unknown2
12/18/1867Earthquake in Taiwan (E. China Sea) with a magnitude of 7.0.unknown2
12/24/1854Earthquake in Japan (Nankaido) with a magnitude of 8.4. The tsunami also reached United States, Japan. A total of 3,000 humans died.unknown1
08/19/1670Earthquake in China (East China Sea) with a magnitude of 6.8.unknown5
07/25/1668Earthquake in China (Tancheng, Shandong Province) with a magnitude of 8.5.unknown16
09/16/1640Earthquake in China (South China Sea)unknown4


These statistics are based on datas from the National Geophysical Data Center / World Data Service (NGDC/WDS): Global Historical Tsunami Database. doi:10.7289/V5TD9V7K. Several data have been summarized and translated.