Transport and infrastructure in Azerbaijan

Our listing of the primary types of transport compares the infrastructure of Azerbaijan with the average of all countries in Asia. The main traffic and transport routes are in good condition, but do not reach the level of the leading industrial nations.

In terms of the length of its rail network, Azerbaijan ranks 64th in the world with 0.21 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 2,140 kilometers long. Freight traffic on the rails most recently totaled 5.32 billion tons and kilometers traveled. Passenger traffic reached 104.00 million passenger-kilometers in 2021.

Airports in Azerbaijan

Back to overview: Azerbaijan

Road traffic

The network of roads and highways has a total length of 24,981 km. For each of the country's 10.14 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 2.46 meters. This puts Azerbaijan in 161st place in the global ranking. However, the country's size and population density of around 117 inhabitants per km² must also be taken into account. Countries with fewer inhabitants in the same or even larger area naturally achieve quite different values here and have to connect remote areas to the transport network despite a smaller population.

With an average of 972 traffic fatalities per year (2013 - 2019), road traffic in Azerbaijan is considered relatively safe. This corresponds to 9.9 accident fatalities per 100,000 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 12.3 in the USA and 17.0 worldwide.

In Azerbaijan, traffic drives on the right-hand side of the road, i.e. people drive in the right-hand lane and overtake on the left. Oncoming traffic comes toward you on the left side. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.



 totalper 1 mio
per km²
Roadways25,000 km2,464.16 km288.46 m
Railroads2,100 km211.09 km24.71 m
Waterways0 km0.00 km0.00 m
Commercial harbors30530.090.004


 total per 1 mio
per km²
Roadways16,613,000 km3,524.24 km519.50 m
Railroads280,000 km59.41 km8.76 m
Waterways260,300 km55.21 km8.14 m
Commercial harbors45,9989.760.001

Data sources used

Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
CIA Factbook
OECD Statistics
Wikipedia (german)
Azerbaijan: AirportsLargest airports and airlines in AzerbaijanThe 6 biggest airports and 4 airlines in Azerbaijan with further information and data with further information on airlines and destinations
Azerbaijan: ClimateClimate and temperature development in AzerbaijanA climate analysis for Azerbaijan incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, rainfalls
Ranking: MegacitiesMega cities - the biggest cities all over the worldRanking of the biggest cities worldwide. On top: Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing