Volcanoes in Montserrat

With 1 volcanoes in Montserrat there have been a total of 5 significant eruptions over the past one hundred years.

All one volcanoes in Montserrat are still considered as active.

Other natural hazards in Montserrat:
Current volcanoes worldwide

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Significant volcanic eruptions in Montserrat in the last 100 years

The following list shows all volcanic eruptions of the last one hundred years with significant damage. The column "VEI" stands for the volcano explosivity index, which represents the strength of the eruption from a geological point of view. This takes into account the height and volume of the rocks ejected. The scale ranges from 0-8, with the severity of the eruption increasing tenfold with each value. For example, a VEI of 1 means that the volcano throws lava and rock masses of 100,000 to 1 million cubic meters up to 1 kilometer high. From VEI 8, a volcano is considered a super volcano. Here, more than 1,000 cubic kilometers of tephra are thrown to altitudes of more than 25 kilometers.

The highest explosivity index in Montserrat reached in the review period was VEI 3 in 2003. The volcano Soufriere Hills threw tephramasses of at least 10 million cubic meters over 3 kilometers high. Volcanoes of this size can theoretically erupt at this intensity every year.

EruptionVolcanoVEIDeathsTotal damage
05/20/2006Soufriere Hills20
07/12/2003Soufriere Hills30
01/20/1999Soufriere Hills30
08/01/1997Soufriere Hills32
06/25/1997Soufriere Hills322

These statistics are based on datas from the Smithsonian Institution's Global Volcanism Program (GVP), and the Significant Volcanic Eruptions Database of the National Geophysical Data Center (NOAA) / World Data Service (NGDC/WDS) doi:10.7289/V5JW8BSH. Several data have been summarized and translated.
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