Tsunami in Port au Prince 2010, Haiti

Tsunamis in Haiti

A total of 2 tidal waves classified as a tsunami since 1842 have killed 303 people in Haiti. Tsunamis therefore occur only rarely here.

The strongest tidal wave registered in Haiti so far reached a height of five meters. On 05/07/1842, this tsunami killed a total of 300 people.

Other natural hazards in Haiti:
The most severe tsunamis in the world

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Tsunami in Port au Prince 2010, HaitiTsunamis are caused by earthquakes or other seismic eruptions on ground of an oceans and can cause massive tidal waves, which run with enormous force on land, causing great devastation. Especially in regions with only few tsunamis, the damage is often drastic, as the population does not expect tsunamis and thus hardly takes any protective measures. Even relatively small flood waves can lead to high losses and financial damage.

The marked positions on the map represent the most affected regions within the past 190 years.

The largest tsunamis in Haiti since 1842

DateCauseMax. tidal waveFatalitiesTotal damage
01/12/2010Earthquake, landslide in Haiti (Haiti & Dominican Republic) with a magnitude of m3
05/07/1842Earthquakes in Haiti (Cap-Haitian) with a magnitude of 8.1. The tsunami also reached Virgin Islands, Dominican Republic.5 m300

These evaluations are based on data from the Global Historical Tsunami Database of the National Geophysical Data Center, NOAA, and World Data Service (NGDC/WDS), doi:10.7289/V5PN93H7. Individual data have been summarized or translated.
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