Tsunami in Port au Prince 2010, Haiti

Tsunamis in Haiti

In a total of 7 tidal waves classified as a tsunami since 1755 a total of 112 people died in Haiti. Compared to other countries, Tsunamis therefore occur rather rarely.

The biggest impact in terms of lifes, injuries, destroyed homes and economy had been a tsunami on 05/07/1842.

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The marked positions on the map represent the most effected regions within the past 270 years.

Tsunamis are caused by earthquakes or other seismic eruptions on ground of an oceans and can cause massive tidal waves, which run with enormous force on land, causing great devastation. Especially in regions with only few tsunamis, the damage is often drastic, as the population does not expect tsunamis and thus hardly takes any protective measures. Even relatively small flood waves can lead to high losses and financial damage.

The largest tsunamis in Haiti since 1755

DateCausemax wave heightDeathsTotal damage
01/12/2010Earthquake, landslide in Haiti (Haiti & Dominican Republic) with a magnitude of 7.0. The tsunami also reached , Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands.unknown94
09/23/1887Earthquake in Haiti (Mole Saint-Nicolas)unknown4
04/08/1860Earthquake in Haiti (Anse-A-Veau) with a magnitude of 7.5.unknown4
05/07/1842Earthquake in Haiti (Cap-Haitian) with a magnitude of 8.1. The tsunami also reached Dominican Republic, Virgin Islands. A total of 300 humans died.unknown4
02/11/1775Earthquake in Cuba (Santiago De Cuba)unknown1
06/03/1770Earthquake in Haiti (Port-Au-Prince)unknown4
11/01/1755Earthquake in Portugal (Lisbon) with a magnitude of 8.5. The tsunami caused damages in 21 further countries. A total of 50,000 humans died.unknown1

These statistics are based on datas from the National Geophysical Data Center / World Data Service (NGDC/WDS): Global Historical Tsunami Database. doi:10.7289/V5TD9V7K. Several data have been summarized and translated. Foto taken from National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC, public domain).