Tsunamis in Haiti
In a total of 7 tidal waves classified as a tsunami since 1755 a total of 112 people died in Haiti. Compared to other countries, Tsunamis therefore occur rather rarely.
The biggest impact in terms of lifes, injuries, destroyed homes and economy had been a tsunami on 05/07/1842.
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The marked positions on the map represent the most effected regions within the past 270 years.
Tsunamis are caused by earthquakes or other seismic eruptions on ground of an oceans and can cause massive tidal waves, which run with enormous force on land, causing great devastation. Especially in regions with only few tsunamis, the damage is often drastic, as the population does not expect tsunamis and thus hardly takes any protective measures. Even relatively small flood waves can lead to high losses and financial damage.
The largest tsunamis in Haiti since 1755
|Date||Cause||max wave height||Deaths||Total damage|
|01/12/2010||Earthquake, landslide in Haiti (Haiti & Dominican Republic) with a magnitude of 7.0. The tsunami also reached , Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands.||unknown||94|
|09/23/1887||Earthquake in Haiti (Mole Saint-Nicolas)||unknown||4|
|04/08/1860||Earthquake in Haiti (Anse-A-Veau) with a magnitude of 7.5.||unknown||4|
|05/07/1842||Earthquake in Haiti (Cap-Haitian) with a magnitude of 8.1. The tsunami also reached Dominican Republic, Virgin Islands. A total of 300 humans died.||unknown||4|
|02/11/1775||Earthquake in Cuba (Santiago De Cuba)||unknown||1|
|06/03/1770||Earthquake in Haiti (Port-Au-Prince)||unknown||4|
|11/01/1755||Earthquake in Portugal (Lisbon) with a magnitude of 8.5. The tsunami caused damages in 21 further countries. A total of 50,000 humans died.||unknown||1|
These statistics are based on datas from the National Geophysical Data Center / World Data Service (NGDC/WDS): Global Historical Tsunami Database. doi:10.7289/V5TD9V7K
. Several data have been summarized and translated. Foto taken from National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC, public domain).
All information without guarantee.