Climate in Caribbean Coast

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures

All climate diagrams on this site result from the collected data from 13 measuring weather stations in Caribbean Coast.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.

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Caribbean Coast is one of the warmest regions in Colombia with an average daily high temperature of 32 degrees. High humidity and hot temperatures make the weather pleasant at times but also tropical humid. It is warm to hot all year round, inviting bathing at average water temperatures of 28 degrees. Due to less rain, the best time for traveling is from December to April. Most precipitation falls from August to November.
Overview: Climate in Colombia
Daylengths and sun positions in Colombia
Compare climate with other regions or countries
Sunshine hours per day
The number of hours of sunshine refers to the time when the sun is actually visible. That is, without any obstruction of visibility by clouds, fog or mountains. With 8 hours per day, January is the sunniest month in the greater region of Caribbean Coast. In May, the sun shines the least.
Rain days per month
A rain day is a day on which at least 0.1 mm precipitation (=0.1 liter) per square meter falls. This can be rain, snow, hail or even dew. So it does not have to rain the whole day. With 14 rain days, October offers the most rain days, while February has the fewest.
Precipitation amount in mm/day
The amount of precipitation is measured in millimeters per square meter. Thus, at two mm/day, two liters of water fall on one square meter within 24 hours. With only 1.2 mm, the least amount of rain falls in February. October, on the other hand, has the most rain.
Water temperatures in °C
Water temperature depends not only on solar radiation within the same region, but also on ocean currents. For example, depending on the season, cold or warm water masses are moved from other areas. The warmest water temperatures in Caribbean Coast are in October, when the water is 28 °C.
Relative humidity in %
Warm air can absorb more moisture than cold air. The relative humidity indicates how much moisture can be physically contained in the air. At high humidity, a person feels uncomfortable and perceives this as oppressive. In general, a relative humidity of 40-60% feels pleasant. With humidity averaging 80%, October is the most uncomfortable. In March, on the other hand, it is easier to endure.
Absolute humidity in g/m³
In warm months, there is also a higher absolute humidity almost everywhere. At a temperature of 25°C, air can absorb up to 23 grams of water per cubic meter. At 20°C, it is only 17.3 grams. A relative humidity of 40% at 25°C thus corresponds to an absolute humidity of 9.2 grams of water. From a proportion of approx. 13.5 grams, humans perceive the air as muggy. This limit is exceeded throughout the year in Caribbean Coast.
The "Humidex" (humidity index) is an index of well-being in warmer areas, calculated from the air temperature, relative humidity and dew point. The index corresponds approximately to the temperature felt. At high temperatures, the body transports heat away by sweating. At high humidity, the ambient air can only absorb a small amount of sweat and thus one feels uncomfortable. An index of 20-29 is considered comfortable. Up to 39, people perceive the air as slightly uncomfortable, and above 40, as very uncomfortable. Values above 45 are dangerous in the long run and often lead to heat stroke.
Climate charts for other greater regions in Colombia

Map of Caribbean Coast

Most important cities in the greater region »Caribbean Coast«

Alone 2 major cities with over 900,000 inhabitants are located here. The greater region has a west-east extension of about 1040 km and over 580 km from north to south.

It consists of the eight departments Archipi, Atl, Bol, C, Cesar, La Guajira, Magdalena and Sucre.

CityPopulationGeo position
Barranquilla1,148,50610° 58' 7"N74° 46' 53"W
Cartagena971,59210° 23' 59"N75° 30' 52"W
Soledad455,02910° 55' 6"N74° 45' 53"W
Santa Marta383,99111° 14' 27"N74° 11' 57"W
Valledupar294,73110° 27' 47"N73° 15' 12"W
Montería288,1928° 44' 53"N75° 52' 53"W
Sincelejo218,4309° 18' 17"N75° 23' 52"W
Maicao130,34811° 22' 60"N72° 14' 36"W
Malambo101,53410° 51' 34"N74° 46' 26"W
Magangué100,3139° 14' 31"N74° 45' 17"W
Ríohacha92,43111° 32' 40"N72° 54' 26"W
Ciénaga88,31111° 0' 25"N74° 14' 52"W
Montelíbano85,0007° 58' 45"N75° 25' 13"W
Aguachica73,3608° 18' 30"N73° 36' 60"W
Sabanalarga68,53510° 37' 47"N74° 55' 14"W
Sahagún59,1888° 56' 46"N75° 26' 34"W
Fundación59,17510° 31' 14"N74° 11' 6"W
San Andrés58,25712° 35' 5"N81° 42' 2"W
Turbaco56,17110° 19' 46"N75° 24' 41"W
Cereté55,5138° 53' 5"N75° 47' 26"W
El Banco54,5229° 0' 4"N73° 58' 33"W
Agustín Codazzi51,47810° 2' 12"N73° 14' 8"W
Arjona50,40510° 15' 16"N75° 20' 38"W
Plato48,6069° 47' 25"N74° 46' 57"W
El Carmen de Bolívar47,9579° 43' 3"N75° 7' 13"W
Baranoa44,07810° 47' 39"N74° 54' 59"W
Lorica40,6059° 14' 11"N75° 48' 49"W
Corozal39,8009° 18' 54"N75° 17' 34"W
Planeta Rica37,2978° 24' 41"N75° 35' 6"W
San Marcos36,5498° 39' 35"N75° 7' 41"W

Data basis: German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements. Data on cities and inhabitants:, United Nations Statistics Division and own research.
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