Climate in Amazonia

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures

All climatic diagrams on this site result from the collected data from eight measuring weather stations in Amazonia.
Weather stations at an altitude above 970m have not been included.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.

Back to overview: Colombia

The climate is very warm with an annual average of 31 degrees, but has few truly tropical and sultry months. It is yearlong warm or hot. Dued to the lesser rain the best time for traveling is from August to September.
Overview: Climate in Colombia
Daylengths and sun positions in Colombia
Compare climate with other regions or countries
Hours of sunshine per daySunshine hours per day in Amazonia
The number of hours of sunshine refers to the time when the sun is actually visible. That is, without any obstruction of visibility by clouds, fog or mountains. With 6 hours per day, September is the sunniest month in greater region Amazonia. In March the sun shines the shortest.
Rainy days per monthRainy days per month in Amazonia
A rainy day is a day on which at least an amount of 0.1 mm precipitation (=0.1 liter) per square meter falls. This can be rain, snow, hail or even dew. So it does not have to rain the whole day. With 16 rainy days, April offers the most number of rainy days, and in August the least.
Precipitation in mm/dayPrecipitation in Amazonia
The amount of precipitation is measured in millimeters per square meter. Thus, at two mm/day, two liters of water fall on one square meter within 24 hours. With only 4.9 mm, the least rain falls in August. April, on the other hand, has the most rain.
Relative humidity in %Relative humidity in Amazonia
Warm air can absorb more moisture than cold air. The relative humidity indicates how much moisture of the physically possible is actually contained in the air. At high humidity, the person feels uncomfortable and perceives this as oppressive. In general, a relative humidity of 40-60% gives as pleasant. With humidity averaging 78%, May is the most uncomfortable. In September, on the other hand, it is easier to endure.
Absolute humidity in g/m³Absolute humidity in Amazonia
In warm months, there is also a higher absolute humidity almost everywhere. At a temperature of 25°C, air can absorb up to 23 grams of water per cubic meter. At 20°C, it is only 17.3 grams. A relative humidity of 40% at 25°C thus corresponds to an absolute humidity of 9.2 grams of water. From a proportion of approx. 13.5 grams, humans perceive the air as muggy. This limit is exceeded throughout the year in Amazonia.
Humidex in °CHumidex in Amazonia
The "Humidex" (humidity index) is an index of well-being in warmer areas, calculated from the air temperature, relative humidity and dew point. The index corresponds approximately to the temperature felt. At high temperatures, the body transports heat away by sweating. At high humidity the ambient air can only absorb a small amount of sweat and thus one feels uncomfortable. An index of 20-29 is considered comfortable. Up to 39, people perceive the air as slightly uncomfortable, and above 40, as very uncomfortable. Values above 45 are dangerous in the long run and often lead to heat stroke.
Climate charts for other greater regions in Colombia

Map of Amazonia

Most important cities in the greater region »Amazonia«

The greater region has a west-east extension of about 1010 km and over 900 km from north to south.

It consists of the six departments Amazonas, Caquetá, Guainía, Guaviare, Putumayo and Vaupés.

CityPopulationGeo position
Florencia120,4031° 36' 52"N75° 36' 22"W
Puerto Asís29,7820° 30' 48"N76° 30' 3"W
Leticia29,6664° 12' 55"S69° 56' 26"W
San José del Guaviare22,1362° 34' 22"N72° 38' 45"W
Mocoa22,0351° 9' 10"N76° 39' 7"W
Orito13,7080° 40' 36"N76° 52' 38"W
El Doncello13,0821° 40' 41"N75° 17' 5"W
Puerto Rico12,3061° 54' 51"N75° 8' 42"W
Valle del Guamuez9,9690° 27' 9"N76° 55' 9"W
Curillo9,5391° 1' 60"N75° 55' 9"W
Sibundoy9,4581° 12' 17"N76° 55' 25"W
Puerto Leguízamo9,0980° 11' 36"S74° 46' 55"W
El Paujil7,6181° 34' 12"N75° 19' 43"W
Cartagena del Chairá7,5861° 20' 6"N74° 50' 34"W
Inírida7,2983° 51' 55"N67° 55' 26"W
San Miguel7,1850° 20' 35"N76° 54' 40"W
Villagarzón7,0151° 2' 15"N76° 37' 36"W
Mitú5,9171° 11' 54"N70° 10' 24"W
Miraflores4,8641° 20' 12"N71° 57' 4"W
San Francisco4,3501° 10' 43"N76° 52' 43"W
Albania4,1601° 19' 43"N75° 52' 42"W
Puerto Guzmán4,0940° 58' 13"N76° 35' 9"W
Belén de los Andaquíes3,9371° 25' 6"N75° 52' 39"W
Valparaíso3,7671° 11' 42"N75° 42' 25"W
Calamar3,7451° 57' 35"N72° 39' 11"W
El Retorno3,3622° 19' 49"N72° 37' 40"W
La Montañita3,3051° 28' 36"N75° 26' 23"W
Colón3,2691° 11' 28"N76° 58' 7"W
Tarapacá3,1002° 52' 43"S69° 44' 39"W

Data basis: German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements. Data on cities and inhabitants:, United Nations Statistics Division and own research.
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