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Hurricanes in Canada

Hurricanes only occur occasionally in Canada. On average, they happen about 5 times a year. The hardest hit regions are Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia and Quebec.

The hurricane season usually lasts from early June to late November.

The most severe hurricane to make landfall in Canada in the past 12 months was »Larry«. It reached a wind speed of up to 130 km/h on September 11, 2021 at 12:30 am local time near Marystown and was 65 kilometers in diameter at the time. According to the internationally accepted Saffir-Simpson classification, this corresponded to a category 1 hurricane. On the open sea, speeds of up to 204 km/h were even measured (category 3).

Other natural hazards in Canada:
Earthquake
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21.05.2022 © CIMSS University of Wisconsin-Madison

Most violent hurricanes in Canada since 2018

Wanda: 25th October to 8th November 2021

Wind speed:
max. 111 km/h
Diameter:
max. 741 km
Air pressure:
below 973 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
The hurricane did not make direct landfall. On October 27th, 2021 at 12:00 am it had the shortest distance at about 337 km southeast of Yarmouth in Nova Scotia.

Odette: 16th to 26th September 2021

Wind speed:
max. 102 km/h
Diameter:
max. 444 km
Air pressure:
below 989 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
The hurricane did not make direct landfall. On September 20th, 2021 at 3:30 am it had the shortest distance at about 336 km south of Mount Pearl in Newfoundland and Labrador.

Larry: 31st August to 11th September 2021

Wind speed:
max. 204 km/h
on land:
max. 130 km/h
Diameter:
max. 259 km
Air pressure:
below 953 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 3
Affected regions
Newfoundland and Labrador

Henri: 15th to 24th August 2021

Wind speed:
max. 120 km/h
Diameter:
max. 111 km
Air pressure:
below 986 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 1
The hurricane did not make direct landfall. On August 24th, 2021 at 3:00 pm it had the shortest distance at about 196 km southeast of Yarmouth in Nova Scotia.

Claudette: 17th to 23rd June 2021

Wind speed:
max. 74 km/h
Diameter:
max. 556 km
Air pressure:
below 1003 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
The hurricane did not make direct landfall. On June 22nd, 2021 at 9:00 pm it had the shortest distance at about 218 km southwest of Port Hawkesbury in Nova Scotia.

Bill: 13th to 16th June 2021

Wind speed:
max. 102 km/h
Diameter:
max. 222 km
Air pressure:
below 992 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
The hurricane did not make direct landfall. On June 15th, 2021 at 9:00 pm it had the shortest distance at about 443 km south of Glace Bay in Nova Scotia.

Epsilon: 16th to 26th October 2020

Wind speed:
max. 185 km/h
Diameter:
max. 482 km
Air pressure:
below 952 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 3
The hurricane did not make direct landfall. On October 25th, 2020 at 12:30 pm it had the shortest distance at about 459 km southwest of Mount Pearl in Newfoundland and Labrador.

Teddy: 12th to 24th September 2020

Wind speed:
max. 222 km/h
on land:
max. 102 km/h
Diameter:
max. 444 km
Air pressure:
below 945 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 4
Affected regions
Nova Scotia
Newfoundland and Labrador

Kyle: 14th to 16th August 2020

Wind speed:
max. 83 km/h
Diameter:
max. 333 km
Air pressure:
below 1000 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
The hurricane did not make direct landfall. On August 15th, 2020 at 3:00 pm it had the shortest distance at about 529 km south of Yarmouth in Nova Scotia.

Fay: 5th to 11th July 2020

Wind speed:
max. 93 km/h
on land:
max. 37 km/h
Diameter:
max. 444 km
Air pressure:
below 998 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
Affected regions
Quebec

Dolly: 22nd to 25th June 2020

Wind speed:
max. 74 km/h
Diameter:
max. 296 km
Air pressure:
below 1000 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
The hurricane did not make direct landfall. On June 24th, 2020 at 9:30 pm it had the shortest distance at about 334 km south of Grand Bank in Newfoundland and Labrador.

Bertha: 27th to 28th May 2020

Wind speed:
max. 83 km/h
Diameter:
max. 296 km
Air pressure:
below 1005 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
The hurricane did not make direct landfall. On May 28th, 2020 at 8:00 am it had the shortest distance at about 321 km south of Aylmer in Ontario.

Olga: 25th to 27th October 2019

Wind speed:
max. 83 km/h
Diameter:
max. 204 km
Air pressure:
below 992 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
The hurricane did not make direct landfall. On October 27th, 2019 at 2:00 pm it had the shortest distance at about 73 km southeast of North Bay in Ontario.

Melissa: 8th to 14th October 2019

Wind speed:
max. 102 km/h
Diameter:
max. 667 km
Air pressure:
below 994 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
The hurricane did not make direct landfall. On October 13th, 2019 at 3:00 am it had the shortest distance at about 570 km southwest of Yarmouth in Nova Scotia.

Humberto: 12th to 20th September 2019

Wind speed:
max. 204 km/h
Diameter:
max. 556 km
Air pressure:
below 950 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 3
The hurricane did not make direct landfall. On September 20th, 2019 at 9:00 am it had the shortest distance at about 553 km southwest of Port Hawkesbury in Nova Scotia.

Chantal: 20th to 26th August 2019

Wind speed:
max. 65 km/h
Diameter:
max. 185 km
Air pressure:
below 1007 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
The hurricane did not make direct landfall. On August 20th, 2019 at 3:00 pm it had the shortest distance at about 598 km southwest of Halifax in Nova Scotia.


These evaluations are based on data from the National Centers for Environmental Information of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Individual data have been summarized or translated.
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