Tsunamis in Canada

In a total of 11 tidal waves classified as a tsunami since 1903 a total of 45 people died in Canada. Compared to other countries, Tsunamis therefore occur rather rarely.

The strongest tidal wave registered in Canada so far reached a height of 38 meters. At this Tsunami on 12/04/2007 no losses of human lifes have been registered.

The biggest impact in terms of lifes, injuries, destroyed homes and economy had been a tsunami on 03/28/1964.

Other natural hazards in Canada:
The most severe natural disasters worldwide

Back to overview: Canada

Tsunamis are caused by earthquakes or other seismic eruptions on ground of an oceans and can cause massive tidal waves, which run with enormous force on land, causing great devastation. Especially in regions with only few tsunamis, the damage is often drastic, as the population does not expect tsunamis and thus hardly takes any protective measures. Even relatively small flood waves can lead to high losses and financial damage.

The marked positions on the map represent the most effected regions within the past 120 years.

The largest tsunamis in Canada since 1903

DateCauseMax. tidal waveFatalitiesTotal damage
10/28/2012Earthquake in Canada (British Columbia) with a magnitude of m0
12/04/2007Landslide in Canada (Chehalis Lake, Chilliwack)38 m0
04/27/1975Landslide in Canada (Kitimat Inlet, British Columbia)4.1 m0
03/28/1964Earthquake, landslide in the United States (Prince William Sound, Ak) with a magnitude of 9.2. The tsunami caused damages in 5 further countries. A total of 124 humans died.9.8 m0
03/28/1963Eruption in Canada (Graham Island, British Columbia)5.5 m1
05/22/1960Earthquake in Chile (Southern Chile) with a magnitude of 9.5. The tsunami caused damages in 13 further countries. A total of 2,226 humans died.2.1 m0
06/23/1946Earthquake, landslide in Canada (British Columbia) with a magnitude of 7.3.9 m0
11/18/1929Earthquake, landslide in Canada (Grand Banks, Newfoundland) with a magnitude of 7.3.13 m28
05/26/1929Earthquake in Canada (British Columbia) with a magnitude of m0
12/06/1917Explosion in Canada (Halifax, Nova Scotia)7 m16
10/20/1903Eruption in Canada (Blacklead Island, Cumberland Sound)0 m0

These evaluations are based on data from the Global Historical Tsunami Database of the National Geophysical Data Center, NOAA, and World Data Service (NGDC/WDS), doi:10.7289/V5PN93H7. Individual data have been summarized or translated.
Natural disasters worldwideMost severe natural disasters worldwideThe most severe earthquakes, volcanos and tsunamis by region and severity
United States: EarthquakeRecent earthquakes and their magnitudes in the United StatesEarthquakes and their intensities in the United States
Canada: ClimateClimate and temperature development in CanadaA climate analysis for Canada incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, Rainfalls