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Climate in Khartoum
(Sudan)

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures


All climate diagrams on this page result from the collected data of the official weather station in Khartoum in a height of 380m above sea level. All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.


Back to overview: Sudan

Khartoum is one of the warmest region in Sudan with an average daily high temperature of 38 degrees centigrade. It is yearlong warm or hot.
Overview: Climate in Sudan
Daylengths and sun positions in Sudan
Compare climate with other regions or countries
Hours of sunshine per daySunshine hours per day in Khartoum
The number of hours of sunshine refers to the time when the sun is actually visible. That is, without any obstruction of visibility by clouds, fog or mountains. With 11 hours per day, April is the sunniest month in country part Khartoum. In July the sun shines the shortest.
Rainy days per monthRainy days per month in Khartoum
A rainy day is a day on which at least an amount of 0.1 mm precipitation (=0.1 liter) per square meter falls. This can be rain, snow, hail or even dew. So it does not have to rain the whole day. With 7 rainy days, August offers the most number of rainy days, and in December the least.
Precipitation in mm/dayPrecipitation in Khartoum
The amount of precipitation is measured in millimeters per square meter. Thus, at 2 mm/day, 2 liters of water fall on one square meter within 24 hours. With only 0 mm, the least rain falls in December. August, on the other hand, has the most rain.
Relative humidity in %Relative humidity in Khartoum
Warm air can absorb more moisture than cold air. The relative humidity indicates how much moisture of the physically possible is actually contained in the air. At high humidity, the person feels uncomfortable and perceives this as oppressive. In general, a relative humidity of 40-60% gives as pleasant. With only 16% humidity on average, it is quite dry in April. The highest value of 49% is experienced here in August.
Absolute humidity in g/m³Absolute humidity in Khartoum
In warm months, there is also a higher absolute humidity almost everywhere. At a temperature of 25°C, air can absorb up to 23 grams of water per cubic meter. At 20°C, it is only 17.3 grams. A relative humidity of 40% at 25°C thus corresponds to an absolute humidity of 9.2 grams of water. From a proportion of approx. 13.5 grams, humans perceive the air as muggy. This limit is only reached in a few months in Khartoum, although these are always average values.
Humidex in °CHumidex in Khartoum
The "Humidex" (humidity index) is an index of well-being in warmer areas, calculated from the air temperature, relative humidity and dew point. The index corresponds approximately to the temperature felt. At high temperatures, the body transports heat away by sweating. At high humidity the ambient air can only absorb a small amount of sweat and thus one feels uncomfortable. An index of 20-29 is considered comfortable. Up to 39, people perceive the air as slightly uncomfortable, and above 40, as very uncomfortable. Values above 45 are dangerous in the long run and often lead to heat stroke.
Map of Khartoum

Most important cities in the country part »Khartoum«

As the capital region, it is arguably the most important part of Sudan. Alone 2 major cities with over 600,000 inhabitants are located here.

CityPopulationGeo-Position
Omdurman2,395,15915° 38' 40"N32° 28' 40"E
Khartoum639,59815° 33' 6"N32° 31' 57"E


Data basis: German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements. Data on cities and inhabitants: geonames.org, United Nations Statistics Division and own research.
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