The climate in Sudan

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures

All climate diagrams on this page come from the collected data of 21 weather stations.
Weather stations at an altitude above 890m have not been included.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.

Back to overview: Sudan

Climate zone: tropics

It is warm to hot all year round, inviting bathing at average water temperatures of 28 degrees. The warmest and rainiest part of the country is River Nile. The coldest is Western Darfur.
Duration of daylight and sunshine in Sudan
Compare climate with other regions or countries
Hours of sunshine per daySunshine hours per day in Sudan
Rain days per monthRain days per month in Sudan
Precipitation in mm/dayPrecipitation in Sudan
Water temperatureWater temperatures in Sudan
Relative humidity in %Relative humidity in Sudan
Absolute humidity in g/m³Absolute humidity in Sudan

Regions in Sudan

All figures per year. For detailed climate data click on the name of the region.

max Ø day
min Ø night
Al Jazirah37.7 °C21.1 °C3,322 h31 332 l37.0 %
Al Qadarif37.3 °C22.5 °C3,176 h49 650 l41.0 %
Blue Nile36.0 °C21.3 °C2,811 h60 734 l47.0 %
Kassala37.7 °C22.9 °C3,431 h20 234 l44.0 %
Khartoum37.5 °C23.8 °C3,614 h17 120 l29.0 %
Northern Darfur35.1 °C19.3 °C3,176 h24 223 l32.0 %
Northern State37.4 °C21.5 °C3,468 h2 18 l
Red Sea34.8 °C25.2 °C2,811 h8 62 l63.0 %
River Nile38.4 °C23.1 °C3,358 h6 73 l30.0 %
Shamal Kurdufan35.3 °C20.9 °C3,030 h37 416 l36.0 %
Sinnar37.2 °C21.0 °C3,139 h40 464 l37.0 %
Southern Kordofan34.8 °C22.1 °C2,847 h54 661 l
Western Darfur34.5 °C18.9 °C3,103 h41 551 l
White Nile36.5 °C22.8 °C2,993 h28 358 l

Temperature records of the last 73 years

The hottest temperature measured from 1949 to December 2022 was reported by the Dongola weather station. In June 2010, the record temperature of 49.6 °C was reported here. The hottest summer from July to September, based on all 27 weather stations in Sudan below 890 meters altitude, was recorded in 2015 with an average temperature of 31.4 °C. This average temperature will normally be measured every four to six hours, thus also including the nights. Normally, this value is 29.9 degrees Celsius. The average maximum daily temperature at that time was 37.8 °C.

The coldest day in these 73 years was reported by the Karima weather station. Here the temperature dropped to 1.0 °C in February 2005. Karima lies at an altitude of 249 meters above sea level. The coldest winter (January to March) was in 1983 with an average temperature of 21.1 °C. In Sudan, it is usual to have about 3.7 degrees more at 24.8 °C for this three-month period.

The most precipitation fell in August 2020. With 15.6 mm per day, the Abu Na'ama weather station recorded the highest monthly average of the last 73 years. Incidentally, the region with the most rainfall for the whole year is around Damazine. The driest region is near Wadi Halfa.

Data basis and methodology

The data from the individual measuring stations are based on the archives of the German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements. In order to determine a representative national average, average values were first calculated for each part of the country, which were then summarized at the national level. Thus, if a disproportionate number of weather stations are located in a small area, their number does not affect the national average.
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