Energy consumption in Lesotho

The most important measure in the energy balance of Lesotho is the total consumption of
847.30 million kWh
of electric energy per year. Per capita this is an average of 399 kWh.


Lesotho can partly provide itself with self-produced energy. The total production of all electric energy producing facilities is 510 m kWh. That is 60% of the countries own usage. The rest of the needed energy is imported from foreign countries. Along with pure consumptions the production, imports and exports play an important role. Other energy sources such as natural gas or crude oil are also used.

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Energy Balance

ElectricitytotalLesotho
per capita
Compared to Europe
per capita
Own consumption847.30 m kWh398.68 kWh5,511.05 kWh
Production510.00 m kWh239.97 kWh5,925.27 kWh
Import373.00 m kWh175.51 kWh729.94 kWh



Carbon footprint

CO2 emissions in 2016Lesotho
per capita
Compared to Europe
per capita
total2.51 m t1.21 t6.47 t
› of which diesel + gasoline803,073.00 t0.39 t2.74 t
› of which coal1.71 m t0.82 t2.00 t


Development of CO2 emissions from 1990 to 2016 in million tons

Carbon footprint Lesotho


Production capacities per energy source

The given production capacities for electric energy have a theoretical value, which could only be obtainable under ideal conditions. They are measuring the generatable amount of energy, that would be reached under permanent and full use of all capacities of all power plants. In practice this isn't possible, because e.g. solar collectors are less efficient unter clouds. Also wind- and water-power plants are not always operating under full load. All these values are only useful in relation to other energy sources or countries.

Energy sourcetotal
in Lesotho
percentage
in Lesotho
percentage
in Europe
per capita
in Lesotho
per capita
in Europe
Fossil fuels0.00 kWh0,0 %49,2 %0.00 kWh8,115.37 kWh
Nuclear power0.00 kWh0,0 %7,0 %0.00 kWh1,154.29 kWh
Water power704.30 m kWh100,0 %24,1 %331.40 kWh3,977.20 kWh
Renewable energy7.04 m kWh1,0 %19,7 %3.31 kWh3,274.42 kWh
Total production capacity704.30 m kWh-100,0 %331.40 kWh16,489.87 kWh

Note: The sum of each data in this table adds up to 101.00 percent and may not be accurate. Worlddata.info receives this data from the US Office of Public Affairs (CIA) and will not make any presumptuous changes to it.


Usage of renewable energies

Renewable energies include wind, solar, biomass and geothermal energy sources. This means all energy sources that renew themselves within a short time or are permanently available. Energy from hydropower is only partly a renewable energy. This is certainly the case with river or tidal power plants. Otherwise, numerous dams or reservoirs also produce mixed forms, e.g. by pumping water into their reservoirs at night and recovering energy from them during the day when there is an increased demand for electricity. Since it is not possible to clearly determine the amount of generated energy, all energies from hydropower are displayed separately.

In 2015, renewable energies accounted for around 52.1 percent of actual total consumption in Lesotho. The following chart shows the percentage share from 1990 to 2015:

Renewable energy Lesotho