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Lesotho

Parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Independent since 1966

Lesotho
Official:
Kingdom of Lesotho
Local name:
Lesotho
Region:
Southern Africa
Area:
30,360 km²
Capital:
Maseru
Lesotho on the world map

Geography

Lesotho is an enclave in the mountainous regions of South Africa. The land has a total area of 30,360 km² (11,722 mi²). This land area is approximately 121% of the area of Maryland. Lesotho is thus one of the smallest countries in Africa by area and ranked 142nd worldwide. Most of the population (71%) resides within rural regions.

Lesotho lies at an average elevation of 2161 m above sea level and is therefore one of the highest countries in the world. The highest mountain peak (Thabana Ntlenyana) is at 3,482 meters. There is no access to the open sea. Lesotho is fully enclosed by South Africa. The distance between New York City and the Capital Maseru is about 13,000 km (8,078 mi).

Population

Population:2,281,000
Life expectancy females:
Ø 57.5 years
Birth rate:
26.4 ‰
Death rate:
12.9 ‰
Males/Females:
49.4% : 50.6%

Population pyramid

Population pyramid Lesotho 2021
The currency in Lesotho is the Lesotho loti (LSL).
1 Loti is divided into 100 Lisente.
Status: 01/28/2023
1 US dollar = 17.22 Lotis
100 Lotis = 5.81 US dollar

The climate in Lesotho

In Lesotho, a subtropical climate dominates. In the summer months there is hardly any precipitation and the usual evaporation ensures a strong dryness. Depending on the season, the average daytime temperatures range between 15 and 28 degrees. In the colder months, the average night temperatures drop down to -1 °C.

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures
Average daytime and nighttime temperatures in Lesotho
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Languages

Official languages:
Sotho, English

Mother tongueDistribution
Sotho85.0 %
Zulu15.0 %

Religions

ReligionDistribution
Christs80.0%
Native religions20.0%

more...

Economy

GDP:2.50 bn $
Exportations:1,072.5 M $
Importations:2,273.2 M $
Tourism receipts:24.00 M $
Unemployment rate:24.6 %
Inflation rate:6.05 %
Corruption index:38 (bad)
Energy consumption:847.3 M kWh

Due to its political and financial situation, Lesotho is considered one of the least developed countries in the world.

In terms of revenues, the Philippines still ranks 169th in the world and, with an average annual income of 1,210 USD is one of the lower middle-income countries.



Land use

75% Agricultural areas:22,773 km²
1% Forest:346 km²
24% Others:7,241 km²

Transport

Roadways:5,940 km
Airports:1

Most important cities

CityRegionPopulation
Maseru / CapitalMaseru331,000
MafetengMafeteng57,000
LeribeLeribe48,000
MaputsoeLeribe32,000
Mohale’s HoekMohale's Hoek District28,000
Qacha’s NekQacha's Nek26,000
QuthingQuthing24,000
Butha-ButheButha-Buthe16,000
NakoMaseru13,000
MokhotlongMokhotlong8,810
Thaba-TsekaThaba-Tseka5,420
TeyateyanengBerea5,120




Political indicators

(Based on the "Worldwide Governance Indicators" project of the World Bank)

Political stability:
Rule of law:
Effectivity:
Regulatory quality:
Voice accountability:
Death penalty:constitutionally allowed





Existing trade agreements



Alliances

South Africa: OverviewSouth Africa: country data and statisticsSouth Africa in numbers: demographics, economy, energy, climate and more data and comparisons with other countries.
Developing countriesList of 152 developing countriesList of all 152 developing countries with below-average living standards
Netherlands: Public HolidaysPublic holidays in the Netherlands 2023-2027Statutory and inofficial holidays in the Netherlands for 2023 to 2027
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