Public health and Covid-19 in Eswatini

Healthcare in Eswatini

Healthcare in Eswatini is slightly below average in a worldwide comparison.

Probably the most important indicator that can be used to summarize the efficiency of all measures is general life expectancy. In other words, the theoretical age that a newborn child could potentially reach today. At the moment, this age in Eswatini is 53.4 years for men and 61.2 years for women. For comparison: worldwide life expectancy is about 14.1 years lower (men: 68.9 / women: 73.9 years).

A total of 259.24 USD per inhabitant is spent annually on health measures at state expense. This corresponds to approximately 6.7 percent of the gross domestic product. Internationally, this amount averages 1,103.03 USD (~ 9.8% of the respective GDP).

Back to overview: Eswatini

Spread of COVID-19 in Eswatini

Since the beginning of the pandemic until May 31st, 2023, a total of 74,670 infected people and 1,425 deaths have been reported in Eswatini.

The total of 74,670 infected people currently represents 6.4 percent of the total population.

Current vaccination status

According to official WHO data, a total of 867,487 vaccine doses have been administered as of May 21st, 2023. More recent data are not yet available to WHO. There are 526,050 people who have received at least one vaccination (45.3 percent). The booster vaccination was received by 177,344 people (15.3 percent).

426,134 of these are considered fully vaccinated in Eswatini (= 36.7 percent).
This puts Eswatini well behind in terms of vaccination coverage. The vaccination rate is higher in 176 countries.

Weight and size

Body height169 cm159 cm
Weight69.8 kg73.3 kg


EswatiniØ worldwide
Diabetes *4.50%8.81%
HIV / Aids1.49%0.03%

* The number of people suffering from diabetes refers only to inhabitants aged between 20 and 79 years.

Child vaccinations

EswatiniØ worldwide
Hepatitis B0.08%0.08%
DTP *7.70%8.14%

* DTP is a combined basic vaccination against diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough) and tetanus, which should be given to children up to the age of 23 months.

In Eswatini, 9.2 percent of all over 15-year-olds are still smokers.

Medical supplies

Public health and Covid-19 in EswatiniMedical care provided by doctors and hospitals in Eswatini is below average compared to the world population. The country provides 2.1 hospital beds per 1,000 inhabitants. The global mean here is 2.9 beds. Within the EU, 4.6 beds are available for every 1,000 residents.

With about 95 physicians in Eswatini, there are about 0.08 doctors per 1000 inhabitants. Here again the comparison: worldwide this standard is 1.50 physicians per 1,000 inhabitants and in the EU is 3.57.

Through medical care, the mortality rate of major known diseases can be reduced as far as possible. For example, only about 35 percent of all people who suffer from cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases or chylomicron retention disease (CRD) currently die.


The above data correspond to the information from the World Health Organization, Global Health Workforce Statistics, UNICEF, State of the World's Children, Childinfo, Global Health Observatory Data Repository and OECD. The case numbers for the spread of the COVID-19 come from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC).

Comparison: average ageAverage age by countryRising average age worldwide: since 1950 alone, more than 4 years. A list by country.
Comparison: Life expectancyAverage life expectancy by countryInternational ranking of life expectancy in 119 countries including summary by continents. Explanation of significant factors.
Comparison: quality of lifeQuality of life 2023 in country comparisonCompare the quality of life around the globe: In which countries is life pleasant, safe and healthy?