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Eswatini

Absolute monarchy
independant since 1968
Eswatini
Region:
Southern Africa
Area:
17,360 km²
Further names:
Swasiland
Swaziland
Local name:
Umbuso weSwatini
Capital:
Mbabane
Eswatini on the world map

Geography

Eswatini is a landlocked country at the eastern border of the state of South Africa. The land has a total area of 17,360 km² (6,703 mi²). This land area is approximately 121% of the area of Connecticut. Eswatini is thus one of the smallest countries in Africa by area and ranked 159th worldwide. It is comparatively low at an average elevation of 305 meters above sea level. The highest mountain peak (Emlembe) is at 1,862 meters.

There is no access to the open sea. There are direct national borders with the 2 neighbouring countries Mozambique and South Africa. The distance between New York City and the Capital Mbabane is about 13,110 km (8,146 mi).

Population

Population:1,160,000
Life expectancy females:
Ø 64.8 years
Birthrate:
25.9 ‰
Deathrate:
9.1 ‰
Males/Females:
49.0% : 51.0%

Population pyramid

Population pyramid Eswatini 2019
The currency in Eswatini is Swazi Lilangeni (SZL).
1 Lilangeni is divided into 100 Cents.
Status: 10/18/2021
1 US Dollar = 14.72 Lilangeni
100 Lilangeni = 6.79 US Dollar
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Languages

Official language:
Swazi

mother tonguedistribution
Swazi89.9 %
Zulu2.0 %
other8.1 %

Religions

Branchdistribution
Roman Catholics20.0%
Christian Zionists40.0%
other Christs30.0%
Muslims2.0%
other8.0%

more...

Economy

GDP:2.02 bn $
Exportations:1,807.8 M $
Importations:1,695.4 M $
Tourism receipts:14.30 M $
Unemployment rate:23.4 %
Inflation rate:2.60 %
corruption index:33 (bad)
Energy consumption:1.4 bn kWh

According to the definition of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), Eswatini is one of the developing countries because of its lower economic performance.

Land use

5% Urban areas:802 km²
71% Agricultural areas:12,334 km²
29% Forest:5,022 km²
0% Water areas:160 km²

more...

Transport

Roadways:3,769 km
Railways:301 km
Airports:14

Most important cities

CityRegionPopulation
Mbabane / CapitalHhohho95,000
Lobamba / seat of governmentHhohho4,560
ManziniManzini111,000
Big BendLubombo10,000
MalkernsManzini9,720
MhlumeLubombo8,650
HlutiShiselweni6,760
SitekiLubombo6,150
Piggs PeakHhohho5,750
VuvulaneLubombo4,160
KwaluseniManzini3,400
BhunyaManzini3,050
MhlambanyatsiManzini2,890
HlatikuluShiselweni2,750
BulembuHhohho2,260
KubutaShiselweni2,040
Lavumisa2,000
Tshaneni1,900
Sidvokodvo1,750
Darkton1,280




Political indicators

(Based on the "Worldwide Governance Indicators" project of the World Bank)

Political stability:
Rule of law:
Effectivity:
Regulatory quality:
Voice accountability:
Death penalty:not practiced for 10+ years



Existing trade agreements



Alliances

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