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Public health and Covid-19 in Eritrea

Healthcare in Eritrea

Healthcare in Eritrea is slightly below average in a worldwide comparison.

Probably the most important indicator that can be used to summarize the efficiency of all measures is general life expectancy. In other words, the theoretical age that a newborn child could potentially reach today. At the moment this age in Eritrea is 64.5 years for men and 68.9 years for women. For comparison: worldwide life expectancy is about 6.1 years lower (men: 70.6 / women: 75.1 years).

A total of 25.27 USD per inhabitant is spent annually on health measures at state expense. This corresponds to approximately 4.5% of the gross domestic product. Internationally, this amount averages 1,121.97 USD (~ 9.8% of the respective GDP).


Back to overview: Eritrea

Distribution of the corona virus

Spread of the corona virus in Eritrea

Since the beginning of the pandemic until September 29th, 2022, a total of 10,168 infected people and 103 deaths have been reported in Eritrea.

The total of 10,168 infected people currently represents 0.29% of the total population. The number of new infections during the seven days preceding September 29th, 2022, was 4, for a 7-day incidence of 0.1 cases per 100,000 population. Since the outbreak of the pandemic, this results in a mortality rate of about 1.0 percent in Eritrea.

Due to the current corona pandemic, we update the worldwide case numbers daily. A list of all infected and dead people by country can be found on our Covid19 virus topic page.

Weight and size

MaleFemale
Body height170 cm157 cm
BMI20.321.1
Weight58.8 kg52.2 kg

Diseases

EritreaØ worldwide
Diabetes *5.10%8.81%
Tuberculosis0.81‰1.27‰
Malaria2.9%5.7%
HIV / Aids0.01%0.03%

* The number of people suffering from diabetes refers only to inhabitants aged between 20 and 79 years.


Child vaccinations

EritreaØ worldwide
Measles93.0%82.5%
Hepatitis B0.10%0.08%
Tetanus9.9%0.0%
DTP *9.50%8.21%

* DTP is a three times combined basic vaccination against diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough) and tetanus, which should be given to children up to the age of 23 months.

In Eritrea, 7.5% of all over 15-year-olds are still smokers.


Medical supplies

Public health and Covid-19 in EritreaMedical care provided by doctors and hospitals in Eritrea is below average compared to the world population. The country provides 0.7 hospital beds per 1000 inhabitants. The global mean here is 2.9 beds. Within the EU, 4.6 beds are available for every 1,000 residents.

With about 185 physicians in Eritrea, there are about 0.05 doctors per 1000 inhabitants. Here again the comparison: worldwide this standard is 1.50 physicians per 1000 inhabitants and in the EU even 3.57.

Through medical care, the mortality rate of major known diseases can be reduced as far as possible. For example, only about 27 percent of all people who suffer from cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases or chylomicron retention disease (CRD) currently die.

Sources

Above data correspond to the information of the World Health Organization, Global Health Workforce Statistics, UNICEF, State of the World's Children, Childinfo, Global Health Observatory Data Repository and OECD. The case numbers for the spread of the corona virus come from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC).

Infected and deaths by the corona virus (COVID 19)Spread of the Corona virus Covid19 (SARS-CoV-2)Worldwide development of the number of cases and deaths due to the corona virus.
Comparison: LIfe expectancyAverage life expectancy by countryInternational ranking of life expectancy in 115 countries including summary by continents. Explanation of significant factors.
Comparison: quality of lifeQuality of life in country comparisonCompare the quality of life around the globe: In which countries is life pleasant, safe and healthy?