Transport and infrastructure in Djibouti

Our listing of the primary types of transport compares the infrastructure of Djibouti with the average of all countries in Africa. The traffic routes have noticeable defects in many places and are often not in particularly good condition.

In terms of the length of its rail network, Djibouti ranks 82nd in the world with 0.09 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 97 kilometers long.

Airports in Djibouti

Back to overview: Djibouti

Road traffic

The network of roads and highways has a total length of 2,893 km. For each of the country's 1.11 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 2.62 meters. This puts Djibouti in 155th place in the global ranking. However, it is also important to note that the country's population density is very low at around 48 inhabitants per km². In this case, disproportionately long distances generally have to be covered to reach the more remote parts of the country.

With an average of 242 traffic fatalities per year (2013 - 2019), road traffic in Djibouti is considered quite dangerous. This corresponds to 23.7 accident fatalities per 100,000 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 12.3 in the USA and 17.0 worldwide.

In Djibouti, traffic drives on the right-hand side of the road, i.e. people drive in the right-hand lane and overtake on the left. Oncoming traffic comes toward you on the left side. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.



 totalper 1 mio
per km²
Roadways2,900 km2,616.78 km124.70 m
Railroads100 km87.74 km4.18 m
Waterways0 km0.00 km0.00 m
Commercial harbors3329.850.001


 total per 1 mio
per km²
Roadways2,997,800 km2,151.40 km98.86 m
Railroads88,600 km63.57 km2.92 m
Waterways68,400 km49.09 km2.26 m
Commercial harbors7,9055.670.000

Data sources used

Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
CIA Factbook
OECD Statistics
Wikipedia (german)
Djibouti: AirportsLargest airports and airlines in DjiboutiThe biggest airports and 2 airlines in Djibouti with further information and data with further information on airlines and destinations
Djibouti: ClimateClimate details in DjiboutiA climate analysis for Djibouti incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, water temperature, rainfalls
Ranking: MegacitiesMega cities - the biggest cities all over the worldRanking of the biggest cities worldwide. On top: Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing