Public health and Covid-19 in Botswana

Healthcare in Botswana

Healthcare in Botswana is slightly below average in a worldwide comparison.

Probably the most important indicator that can be used to summarize the efficiency of all measures is general life expectancy. In other words, the theoretical age that a newborn child could potentially reach today. At the moment, this age in Botswana is 58.7 years for men and 63.6 years for women. For comparison: worldwide life expectancy is about 10.3 years lower (men: 68.9 / women: 73.9 years).

A total of 408.90 USD per inhabitant is spent annually on health measures at state expense. This corresponds to approximately 6.1 percent of the gross domestic product. Internationally, this amount averages 1,103.03 USD (~ 9.8% of the respective GDP).

Back to overview: Botswana

Spread of COVID-19 in Botswana

Since the beginning of the pandemic until May 31st, 2023, a total of 329,862 infected people and 2,797 deaths have been reported in Botswana.

The total of 329,862 infected people currently represents 14.03 percent of the total population.

Current vaccination status

According to official WHO data, a total of 3.17 million vaccine doses have been administered as of May 7th, 2023. More recent data are not yet available to WHO. There are 1.95 million people who have received at least one vaccination (83.0 percent). The booster vaccination was received by 507,654 people (21.6 percent).

1.66 million of these are considered fully vaccinated in Botswana (= 70.7 percent).
This means that Botswana is still among the fairly good midfield countries in terms of vaccination coverage. The vaccination rate is higher in 82 countries.

Weight and size

Body height172 cm162 cm
Weight67.0 kg68.7 kg


BotswanaØ worldwide
Diabetes *5.80%8.81%
HIV / Aids0.60%0.03%

* The number of people suffering from diabetes refers only to inhabitants aged between 20 and 79 years.

Child vaccinations

BotswanaØ worldwide
Hepatitis B0.10%0.08%
DTP *9.50%8.14%

* DTP is a combined basic vaccination against diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough) and tetanus, which should be given to children up to the age of 23 months.

In Botswana, 19.4 percent of all over 15-year-olds are still smokers.

Medical supplies

Public health and Covid-19 in BotswanaMedical care provided by doctors and hospitals in Botswana is below average compared to the world population. The country provides 1.8 hospital beds per 1,000 inhabitants. The global mean here is 2.9 beds. Within the EU, 4.6 beds are available for every 1,000 residents.

With about 955 physicians in Botswana, there are about 0.37 doctors per 1000 inhabitants. Here again the comparison: worldwide this standard is 1.50 physicians per 1,000 inhabitants and in the EU is 3.57.

Through medical care, the mortality rate of major known diseases can be reduced as far as possible. For example, only about 27 percent of all people who suffer from cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases or chylomicron retention disease (CRD) currently die.


The above data correspond to the information from the World Health Organization, Global Health Workforce Statistics, UNICEF, State of the World's Children, Childinfo, Global Health Observatory Data Repository and OECD. The case numbers for the spread of the COVID-19 come from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC).

Comparison: average ageAverage age by countryRising average age worldwide: since 1950 alone, more than 4 years. A list by country.
Comparison: Life expectancyAverage life expectancy by countryInternational ranking of life expectancy in 119 countries including summary by continents. Explanation of significant factors.
Comparison: quality of lifeQuality of life 2023 in country comparisonCompare the quality of life around the globe: In which countries is life pleasant, safe and healthy?