Natural gas and oil in New Caledonia

Energy consumption in New Caledonia

The most important figure in the energy balance of New Caledonia is the total consumption of
2.94 billion kWh
of electric energy per year. Per capita this is an average of 10,850 kWh.

New Caledonia can completely be self-sufficient with domestically produced energy. The total production of all electric energy producing facilities is three bn kWh, also 102 percent of own requirements. The rest of the domestically produced energy is either exported into other countries or unused. Along with pure consumption, the production, imports and exports play an important role. Other energy sources, such as natural gas or crude oil are also used.

Back to overview: New Caledonia

Energy Balance

ElectricitytotalNew Caledonia
per capita
per capita
Own consumption2.94 bn kWh10,850.12 kWh11,744.38 kWh
Production3.01 bn kWh11,087.33 kWh12,198.66 kWh

100.0% of the country's population (as of 2020) has access to electricity.

CO₂ emissions

CO₂ emissions
in 2016
New Caledonia
per capita
per capita
total5.33 m t19.72 t14.75 t
› of which diesel + gasoline3.01 bn t11,127.97 t6.41 t
› of which coal2.88 bn t10,654.28 t3.99 t

Development of CO₂ emissions from 1960 to 2016 in million tons
See also: CO₂ equivalents by country

CO₂ emissions New Caledonia

Production capacities per energy source

The given production capacities for electric energy have a theoretical value, which can only be obtained under ideal conditions. They are measuring the generatable amount of energy, that would be reached under permanent and full use of all capacities of all power plants.

In practice this isn't possible, because e.g. solar collectors are less efficient under clouds. Also wind- and water-power plants are not always operating under full load. All these values are only useful in relation to other energy sources or countries.

Energy sourcetotal
in New Caledonia
in New Caledonia
per capita
in New Caledonia
per capita
Fossil fuels8.56 bn kWh91,2 %59,9 %31,569.74 kWh2.06 kWh
Nuclear power0.00 kWh0,0 %19,5 %0.00 kWh0.67 kWh
Solar energy0.00 kWh0,0 %3,2 %0.00 kWh0.11 kWh
Wind power140.73 m kWh1,5 %8,3 %519.24 kWh0.29 kWh
Water power694.27 m kWh7,4 %7,0 %2,561.58 kWh0.24 kWh
Tidal Power Plants0.00 kWh0,0 %0,0 %0.00 kWh0.00 kWh
Geothermics0.00 kWh0,0 %0,4 %0.00 kWh0.01 kWh
Biomass0.00 kWh0,0 %1,7 %0.00 kWh0.06 kWh

Note: The sum of each data in this table adds up to 100.10 percent and may not be accurate. receives this data from the US Office of Public Affairs (CIA) and will not make any presumptuous changes to it.

Usage of renewable energies

Renewable energy includes wind, solar, biomass and geothermal energy sources. This means all energy sources that renew themselves within a short time or are permanently available. Energy from hydropower is only partly a renewable energy. This is certainly the case with river or tidal power plants. Otherwise, numerous dams or reservoirs also produce mixed forms, e.g. by pumping water into their reservoirs at night and recovering energy from them during the day when there is an increased demand for electricity. Since it is not possible to clearly determine the amount of generated energy, all energy from hydropower is displayed separately.

In 2019, renewable energy accounted for around 5.4 percent of actual total consumption in New Caledonia. The following chart shows the percentage share from 1990 to 2019:

Renewable energy New Caledonia
Methane and CO₂ emissions worldwideGreenhouse gases emissions by countryMethane and CO₂ are the main greenhouse gases. This list names the biggest polluters by country.
Climate changes by continentsGlobal warming by continentsAvg. temperatures from 1950 to 2023. Increased in Europe and North America - Antarctic colder again.
Netherlands: ClimateClimate and temperature development in the NetherlandsA climate analysis for the Netherlands incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, rainfalls