Transport and infrastructure in SlovakiaOur listing of the primary types of transport compares the infrastructure of Slovakia with the average of all countries in Europe. Overall, the main traffic and transport routes are well developed and in comparatively good condition.
In terms of the length of its rail network, Slovakia ranks 23rd in the world with 0.67 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 3,629 kilometers long. Freight traffic on the rails most recently totaled 8.58 billion tons and kilometers traveled. Passenger traffic reached 2.05 billion passenger-kilometers in 2021.
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Back to overview: Slovakia
Road trafficThe network of roads and highways has a total length of 56,926 km. For each of the country's 5.45 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 10.45 meters. This puts Slovakia in 51st place in the global ranking. However, the country's size and population density of around 111 inhabitants per km² must also be taken into account. Countries with fewer inhabitants in the same or even larger area naturally achieve quite different values here and have to connect remote areas to the transport network despite a smaller population.
With an average of 333 traffic fatalities per year (2013 - 2019), road traffic in Slovakia is considered relatively safe. This corresponds to 6.1 accident fatalities per 100,000 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 12.3 in the USA and 17.0 worldwide.
In Slovakia, traffic drives on the right-hand side of the road, i.e. people drive in the right-hand lane and overtake on the left. Oncoming traffic comes toward you on the left side. This rule was introduced at the end of the 18th century during the Napoleonic Wars. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.
|total||per 1 mio|
|Roadways||56,900 km||10,450.42 km||1,161.04 m|
|Railroads||3,600 km||666.21 km||74.02 m|
|Waterways||172 km||31.58 km||3.51 m|
|total||per 1 mio|
|Roadways||6,708,900 km||11,154.38 km||1,111.71 m|
|Railroads||258,600 km||429.97 km||42.85 m|
|Waterways||54,800 km||91.17 km||9.09 m|
Data sources used• Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
• Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
• CIA Factbook
• OECD Statistics
• Wikipedia (german)