Transport and infrastructure in Slovakia

Our listing of the primary kinds of transport compares the infrastructure of Slovakia with the average of all countries in Europe. Overall, the main traffic and transport routes are well developed and in comparatively good condition.

In terms of the length of its rail network, Slovakia ranks 23rd in the world with 0.67 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 3,629 kilometers long. Freight traffic on the rails most recently totaled 8.48 billion tons and kilometers traveled. Passenger traffic reached 3.92 billion passenger-kilometers in 2018.

The waterways and ports listed refer to inland traffic on rivers and canals, as there is no direct access to the sea in Slovakia.

Airports in Slovakia

Back to overview: Slovakia

Road traffic

The network of roads and highways has a total length of 56,926 km. For each of the country's 5.45 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 10.45 meters. This puts Slovakia in 48th place in the global ranking. However, the country's size and population density of around 111 inhabitants per km² must also be taken into account. Countries with fewer inhabitants on the same or even larger area naturally achieve quite different values here and have to connect remote areas to the transport network despite a smaller population.

With an average of 345 traffic fatalities per year (2012 - 2019), road traffic in Slovakia is considered relatively safe. This corresponds to around 4.3 accident fatalities per 6.4 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 12.2 in the USA and 17.1 worldwide.

In Slovakia, traffic drives on the right-hand side of the road, i.e. people drive in the right-hand lane and overtake on the left. Oncoming traffic comes toward you on the left side. This rule was introduced at the end of the 18th century during the Napoleonic Wars. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.



 totalper 1 mio
per km²
Roadways56,900 km10,450.42 km1,161.04 m
Railroads3,600 km666.21 km74.02 m
Waterways172 km31.58 km3.51 m
Commercial harbors112.020.000


 total per 1 mio
per km²
Roadways6,708,300 km11,157.59 km1,111.61 m
Railroads258,600 km430.13 km42.85 m
Waterways53,100 km88.38 km8.81 m
Commercial harbors15,29125.430.003

Data sources used

Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
CIA Factbook
OECD Statistics
Wikipedia (german)
Slovakia: AirportsLargest airports and airlines in SlovakiaThe 5 biggest airports and 3 airlines in Slovakia with further information and data
Slovakia: ClimateClimate and temperature development in SlovakiaA climate analysis for Slovakia incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, Rainfalls
Ranking: MegacitiesMega cities - the biggest cities all over the worldRanking of the biggest cities worldwide. On top: Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing