Public Holidays

Public holidays in Russia 2022-2026

The most essential difference of the Russian holiday calendar from ours is the shift of Christian events. The Russian Orthodox Church calculates its holidays according to the Julian calendar, which is somewhat more accurate in relation to the Earth's orbit around the Sun. Therefore there is a shift of e.g. Christmas by about 13 days. Pentecost, on the other hand, is not known at all, and Easter is not a public holiday either.

The amount of non-statutory holidays, but often military commemorative days in Russia may be surprising. In addition (but not listed here) there are numerous non-statutory holidays for almost every occupational group.

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Non-movable holidays

Non-statutory holidays are written in gray.

Jan, 1st1st New Year's Day
Jan, 2nd2nd New Year's Day
Jan, 3rd3rd New Year's Day
Jan, 4th4th New Year's Day
Jan, 5th5th New Year's Day
Jan, 7thRussian Orthodox Christmas
Jan, 14thNew Year (Julian calendar)
Jan, 19thEpiphany
Jan, 27thDay of the lifting of the Leningrad blockade 1944
Feb, 2ndDay of the Battle of Stalingrad 1943
Feb, 23rdFather's Day
Feb, 23rdDay of the Defender of the Fatherland
Mar, 8thWomen's Day
Apr, 2ndDay of International Understanding
Apr, 7thAnnunciation
Apr, 18thDay of the Battle on Lake Peipus 1242
Apr, 26thMemorial Day for the deceased in nuclear accidents
May, 1stLabor Day
May, 9thVictory Day over Fascism 1945
May, 18thDay of the Museums
May, 24thSlavic Scripture and Culture Day
May, 28thDay of Border Troops of Russia
Jun, 6thPuschkin's Day
Jun, 12thDay of Russia
Jun, 22ndDay of remembrance and mourning
Jun, 27thYouth's Day
Jul, 2ndAll Saints' Day
Jul, 10thDay of the Battle of Poltava 1709
Jul, 28thDay of the baptism of Rus
Aug, 9thDay of the Battle of Cape Gangut 1714
Aug, 22ndDay of the Russian flag
Aug, 23rdDay of the Battle of Kursk 1943
Sep, 8thDay of the Battle of Borodino 1812
Sep, 11thDay of the Battle of Tendra 1790
Sep, 21stDay of the Battle of Kulikovo Polje 1380
Oct, 1stDay of the elderly
Oct, 30thMemorial Day for the victims of political repression
Nov, 4thDay of the Unity of the People
Nov, 7thDay of the October Revolution of 1917
Nov, 19thArtillerymen's Day
Dec, 1stDay of the naval battle at Sinop 1853
Dec, 5thDay of the counterattack, Battle of Moscow 1941
Dec, 12thConstitution Day
Dec, 17thStrategic Rocket Patrol Day
Dec, 20thIntelligence Day
Dec, 31stNew Year's Eve

Moving Holidays in Russia

Beginning of the Russian Orthodox LentMar, 7thFeb, 27thMar, 18thMar, 3rdFeb, 23rd
Russian CarnivalMar, 8thFeb, 28thMar, 19thMar, 4thFeb, 24th
Air Defense DayApr, 10thApr, 9thApr, 14thApr, 13thApr, 12th
Easter Sunday (Russian Orthodox)Apr, 24thApr, 16thMay, 5thApr, 20thApr, 12th
Day of the NavyJul, 31stJul, 30thJul, 28thJul, 27thJul, 26th
Day of the Tank TroopsSep, 11thSep, 10thSep, 8thSep, 14thSep, 13th
Mother's DayNov, 27thNov, 26thNov, 24thNov, 30thNov, 29th

Postponement of non-working days

Public Holidays Another special feature is the state-regulated optimization of bridge days and maximization of non-working days: if a holiday falls on a Saturday or Sunday, there is a non-working day as a substitute. By shifting non-working days, the government also ensures that as many days off as possible hang together and employees have several days off in a row. To compensate for this, however, there are also 6-day weeks.

Jack Frost and a Christmas in January

As mentioned at the beginning, Russia calculates church holidays according to the Julian calendar. Although in normal life the Gregorian calendar applies throughout the country, holidays are calculated according to a centuries-old system for historical and religious reasons. Incidentally, this is also done in many other countries.

Thus, the official Russian Orthodox Christmas takes place 13 days later on January 7. During the preceding 40 days, the fasting period applies. A Christmas Eve is known in Russia only in a few regions. Also Boxing Day is almost nowhere a part of the Russian Christmas. Jack Frost is a loving old man with a beard, but he is not Santa Claus. He gives presents to the children on New Year's Eve, which is why there is no additional Boxing Day at Christmas. The Jolka celebration on New Year's Eve is often compared and confused with the actual Christmas celebration precisely because of the gifts. But the Jolka celebration has no religious background. It was introduced in 1937 to give the population a secular holiday to replace Christmas, which was banned at the time. This is also how Jack Frost came into being, who resembles Santa Claus, but in the Russian version symbolizes nothing other than the winter.
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