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Gross debt in Russia

The government gross debt refers to the total of all sums of money that have to be paid to other countries, communities or institutions. On the other hand not included in the gross debt are the demands of a country to foreign ones.

The gross debt in Russia in the period from 1998 to 2020 was between 83.6 billion and 283.9 billion USD. The hightest level within the past 22 years was reached in 2014. However, the liabilities in 2020 have been only 277 billion USD

Based on the number of inhabitants, this is in Russia a debt of 1,923 USD per person. For comparison: The average debt per person in the same year in the European Union was 30,798 USD.


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Gross debt of the last 22 years in billion USD




YearRussia totalRussia per capitaEU per capita
1998198.07 bn USD1,341 USD14,079 USD
1999173.77 bn USD1,180 USD14,032 USD
2000152.71 bn USD1,042 USD11,232 USD
2001148.70 bn USD1,019 USD11,255 USD
2002119.19 bn USD820 USD12,258 USD
2003119.64 bn USD827 USD15,286 USD
2004128.25 bn USD890 USD17,595 USD
2005101.53 bn USD707 USD18,327 USD
200683.59 bn USD584 USD18,877 USD
200787.67 bn USD614 USD20,898 USD
2008101.09 bn USD708 USD24,086 USD
200995.07 bn USD666 USD25,361 USD
2010127.80 bn USD895 USD26,496 USD
2011181.85 bn USD1,272 USD29,231 USD
2012211.41 bn USD1,476 USD28,174 USD
2013253.50 bn USD1,766 USD29,981 USD
2014283.90 bn USD1,974 USD30,648 USD
2015192.92 bn USD1,339 USD25,920 USD
2016176.77 bn USD1,225 USD26,262 USD
2017212.43 bn USD1,470 USD27,025 USD
2018214.09 bn USD1,482 USD28,454 USD
2019223.63 bn USD1,549 USD27,178 USD
2020277.05 bn USD1,923 USD30,798 USD


Comparison of gross debt per capita with the European Union in U.S. dollars



      Russia       European Union


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