Transport and infrastructure in Moldova

Our listing of the primary kinds of transport compares the infrastructure of Moldova with the average of all countries in Europe. The main traffic and transport routes are in good condition, but do not reach the level of the leading industrial nations.

In terms of the length of its rail network, Moldova ranks 37th in the world with 0.45 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 1,171 kilometers long. Freight traffic on the rails most recently totaled 940.30 million tons and kilometers traveled. Passenger traffic reached 94.50 million passenger-kilometers in 2018.

Airports in Moldova

Back to overview: Moldova

Road traffic

The network of roads and highways has a total length of 9,352 km. For each of the country's 2.57 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 3.63 meters. This puts Moldova in 129th place in the global ranking. However, the country's size and population density of around 76 inhabitants per km² must also be taken into account. Countries with fewer inhabitants on the same or even larger area naturally achieve quite different values here and have to connect remote areas to the transport network despite a smaller population.

With an average of 274 traffic fatalities per year (2012 - 2019), road traffic in Moldova is considered relatively safe. This corresponds to around 4.3 accident fatalities per 9.9 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 12.2 in the USA and 17.1 worldwide.

In Moldova, traffic drives on the right-hand side of the road, i.e. people drive in the right-hand lane and overtake on the left. Oncoming traffic comes toward you on the left side. This rule was introduced at the end of the 18th century during the Napoleonic Wars. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.



 totalper 1 mio
per km²
Roadways9,400 km3,633.36 km276.28 m
Railroads1,200 km454.95 km34.59 m
Waterways558 km216.79 km16.48 m
Commercial harbors14757.110.004


 total per 1 mio
per km²
Roadways6,708,300 km11,157.59 km1,111.61 m
Railroads258,600 km430.13 km42.85 m
Waterways53,100 km88.38 km8.81 m
Commercial harbors15,29125.430.003

Data sources used

Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
CIA Factbook
OECD Statistics
Wikipedia (german)
Moldova: AirportsLargest airports and airlines in MoldovaThe biggest airports and 2 airlines in Moldova with further information and data
Moldova: ClimateClimate and temperature development in MoldovaA climate analysis for Moldova incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, Rainfalls
Ranking: MegacitiesMega cities - the biggest cities all over the worldRanking of the biggest cities worldwide. On top: Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing