The climate in Moldova

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures

All climate diagrams on this page come from the collected data of 9 weather stations.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.

Back to overview: Moldova

Climate zone: Moderate zone of the northern hemisphere

The climate in Moldova is varied and offers seasons with cold winters and warm summers. It rarely gets really warm up here. The warmest and rainiest part of the country is Gagauzia. The coldest is Chisinau. Due to the warmer temperatures, the best time for traveling is from May to September. Less attractive are the cold months from November to March.
Duration of daylight and sunshine in Moldova
Compare climate with other regions or countries
Hours of sunshine per daySunshine hours per day in Moldova
Rain days per monthRain days per month in Moldova
Precipitation in mm/dayPrecipitation in Moldova
Relative humidity in %Relative humidity in Moldova
Absolute humidity in g/m³Absolute humidity in Moldova

Regions in Moldova

All figures per year. For detailed climate data click on the name of the region.

max Ø day
min Ø night
Chisinau15.6 °C7.0 °C2,300 h74 540 l73.0 %
Gagauzia17.2 °C7.3 °C2,263 h66 489 l79.0 %
South Moldova16.5 °C7.4 °C2,300 h67 478 l76.0 %
Central Moldova16.1 °C6.3 °C2,227 h74 529 l72.0 %

Temperature records of the last 27 years

The hottest temperature measured from 1996 to January 2023 was reported by the Tiraspol weather station. In August 2020, the record temperature of 37.9 °C was reported here. The hottest summer from July to September, based on all 3 weather stations in Moldova , was recorded in 2012 with an average temperature of 23.1 °C. This average temperature will normally be measured every four to six hours, thus also including the nights. Normally, this value is 21.3 degrees Celsius. The average maximum daily temperature at that time was 30.0 °C.

The coldest day in these 27 years was reported by the Tiraspol weather station. Here the temperature dropped to -20.2 °C in January 2021. Tiraspol lies at an altitude of 40 meters above sea level. The coldest winter (January to March) was in 2003 with an average temperature of -2.4 °C. In Moldova, it is usual to have about 3.7 degrees more at 1.3 °C for this three-month period.

The most precipitation fell in September 1996. With 7.2 mm per day, the Chisinau weather station recorded the highest monthly average of the last 27 years.

Long-term development of temperatures from 1997 - 2022

In contrast to single record values, long-term development cannot simply be brought about by all weather stations in the country. Both the number and the locations are constantly changing. An average value would give a distorted result. If several measuring stations in particularly cold mountain or coastal regions are added in one year, the average would decrease as a result of this alone. If a station fails during the summer or winter months, it does not provide any values and distorts the average again. The subsequent long-term development was therefore reduced to only 1 measuring points in order to have comparable data over as long a period as possible.

In the years 1997 to 2022, there were only these 1 weather stations in the whole country, which reported continuous temperature values (Chisinau). From these weather reports, we have created a long-term development that shows the monthly average temperatures. The hottest month in this entire period was July 2012 at 26.0 °C. February 2012 was the coldest month with an average temperature of -7.6 °C.

The average annual temperature was about 10.5 °C in the years after 1997 and about 11.7 °C in the last years before 2022. So in less than 26 years, it has increased by about 1.1 °C. This trend only applies to the selected 1 weather stations in Moldova. A considerably more comprehensive evaluation of global warming has been provided separately.

Long-term development of temperatures in Moldova

Data basis and methodology

The data from the individual measuring stations are based on the archives of the German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements. In order to determine a representative national average, average values were first calculated for each part of the country, which were then summarized at the national level. Thus, if a disproportionate number of weather stations are located in a small area, their number does not affect the national average. There are 4 stations in Moldova itself. In 5 cases, neighboring but nearby weather stations were also used to obtain more accurate values.
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