Traffic in Estonia

Transport and infrastructure in Estonia

Our listing of the primary types of transport compares the infrastructure of Estonia with the average of all countries in Europe. Overall, the main traffic and transport routes are well developed and in comparatively good condition.

In terms of the length of its rail network, Estonia ranks 3rd in the world with 1.61 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 2,146 kilometers long. Freight traffic on the rails most recently totaled 2.13 billion tons and kilometers traveled. Passenger traffic reached 290.00 million passenger-kilometers in 2021.

The waterways listed refer to inland traffic on rivers and canals. The number of ports includes those located on the 3,794 km of coastline. In 2020, about 213,928 freight containers were transported.

Airports in Estonia

Back to overview: Estonia

Road traffic

The network of roads and highways has a total length of 58,412 km. For each of the country's 1.33 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 43.89 meters. This puts Estonia in 8th place in the global ranking. However, it is also important to note that the country's population density is very low at around 29 inhabitants per km². In this case, disproportionately long distances generally have to be covered to reach the more remote parts of the country.

With an average of 75 traffic fatalities per year (2013 - 2019), road traffic in Estonia is considered relatively safe. This corresponds to 5.7 accident fatalities per 100,000 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 12.3 in the USA and 17.0 worldwide.

Traffic in EstoniaIn Estonia, traffic drives on the right-hand side of the road, i.e. people drive in the right-hand lane and overtake on the left. Oncoming traffic comes toward you on the left side. This rule was introduced at the end of the 18th century during the Napoleonic Wars. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.



 totalper 1 mio
per km²
Roadways58,400 km43,888.04 km1,288.31 m
Railroads2,100 km1,612.40 km47.33 m
Waterways335 km251.70 km7.39 m
Commercial harbors6851.090.001


 total per 1 mio
per km²
Roadways6,708,900 km11,154.38 km1,111.71 m
Railroads258,600 km429.97 km42.85 m
Waterways54,800 km91.17 km9.09 m
Commercial harbors15,27325.390.003

Data sources used

Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
CIA Factbook
OECD Statistics
Wikipedia (german)
Estonia: AirportsLargest airports and airlines in EstoniaThe 5 biggest airports and in Estonia with further information and data with further information on airlines and destinations
Estonia: ClimateClimate and temperature development in EstoniaA climate analysis for Estonia incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, water temperature, rainfalls
Ranking: MegacitiesMega cities - the biggest cities all over the worldRanking of the biggest cities worldwide. On top: Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing