Worlddata.info
Traffic in Estonia

Transport and infrastructure in Estonia

Our listing of the primary kinds of transport compares the infrastructure of Estonia with the average of all countries in Europe. Overall, the main traffic and transport routes are well developed and in comparatively good condition.

In terms of the length of its rail network, Estonia ranks 3rd in the world with 1.61 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 2,146 kilometers long. Freight traffic on the rails most recently totaled 2.16 billion tons and kilometers traveled. Passenger traffic reached 417.00 million passenger-kilometers in 2018.

The waterways listed refer to inland traffic on rivers and canals. The number of ports includes those located on the total 3,794 km of coastline. In 2020, about 214,000 freight containers were transported.

Airports in Estonia


Back to overview: Estonia

Road traffic

The network of roads and highways has a total length of 58,412 km. For each of the country's 1.33 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 43.94 meters. This puts Estonia in 7th place in the global ranking. However, it is also important to note the country's population density, which is very low at around 29 inhabitants per km². Like this, disproportionately long distances generally have to be covered to reach the more remote parts of the country.

With an average of 77 traffic fatalities per year (2012 - 2019), road traffic in Estonia is considered relatively safe. This corresponds to around 4.3 accident fatalities per 5.9 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 12.2 in the USA and 17.1 worldwide.

Traffic in EstoniaIn Estonia, traffic drives on the right-hand side of the road, i.e. people drive in the right-hand lane and overtake on the left. Oncoming traffic comes toward you on the left side. This rule was introduced at the end of the 18th century during the Napoleonic Wars. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.


 

Estonia

 totalper 1 mio
inhabitants
per km²
Roadways58,400 km43,943.44 km1,288.31 m
Railroads2,100 km1,614.44 km47.33 m
Waterways335 km252.02 km7.39 m
Commercial harbors6851.160.001
Airports53.760.110
 

Europe

 total per 1 mio
inhabitants
per km²
Roadways6,708,300 km11,157.59 km1,111.61 m
Railroads258,600 km430.13 km42.85 m
Waterways53,100 km88.38 km8.81 m
Commercial harbors15,29125.430.003
Airports5730.950.000


Data sources used

Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
UNCTAD
Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
CIA Factbook
OECD Statistics
Wikipedia (german)
Estonia: AirportsLargest airports and airlines in EstoniaThe 5 biggest airports and Estonian in Estonia with further information and data
Estonia: ClimateClimate and temperature development in EstoniaA climate analysis for Estonia incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, Water temperature, Rainfalls
Ranking: MegacitiesMega cities - the biggest cities all over the worldRanking of the biggest cities worldwide. On top: Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing