Transport and infrastructure in EstoniaOur listing of the primary kinds of transport compares the infrastructure of Estonia with the average of all countries in Europe. Overall, the main traffic and transport routes are well developed and in comparatively good condition.
In terms of the length of its rail network, Estonia ranks 3rd in the world with 1.61 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 2,146 kilometers long. Freight traffic on the rails most recently totaled 2.16 billion tons and kilometers traveled. Passenger traffic reached 417.00 million passenger-kilometers in 2018.
The waterways listed refer to inland traffic on rivers and canals. The number of ports includes those located on the total 3,794 km of coastline. In 2020, about 214,000 freight containers were transported.
› Airports in Estonia
Back to overview: Estonia
Road trafficThe network of roads and highways has a total length of 58,412 km. For each of the country's 1.33 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 43.88 meters. This puts Estonia in 7th place in the global ranking. However, it is also important to note the country's population density, which is very low at around 29 inhabitants per km². Like this, disproportionately long distances generally have to be covered to reach the more remote parts of the country.
With an average of 77 traffic fatalities per year (2012 - 2019), road traffic in Estonia is considered relatively safe. This corresponds to around 4.3 accident fatalities per 5.9 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 5.9 in the European Union as a whole and 17.1 worldwide.
In Estonia, traffic drives on the right-hand side of the road, i.e. people drive in the right-hand lane and overtake on the left. Oncoming traffic comes toward you on the left side. This rule was introduced at the end of the 18th century during the Napoleonic Wars. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.
|total||per 1 mio|
|Roadways||58,400 km||43,883.92 km||1,288.31 m|
|Railroads||2,100 km||1,612.25 km||47.33 m|
|Waterways||335 km||251.68 km||7.39 m|
|total||per 1 mio|
|Roadways||6,708,300 km||11,136.37 km||1,111.61 m|
|Railroads||258,600 km||429.31 km||42.85 m|
|Waterways||53,100 km||88.21 km||8.81 m|
Data sources used• Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
• Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
• CIA Factbook
• OECD Statistics
• Wikipedia (german)