Public health and Covid-19 in Estonia

Healthcare in Estonia

Healthcare in Estonia is rather above average in a worldwide comparison.

Probably the most important indicator that can be used to summarize the efficiency of all measures is general life expectancy. In other words, the theoretical age that a newborn child could potentially reach today. At the moment, this age in Estonia is 74.2 years for men and 82.7 years for women. For comparison: worldwide life expectancy is about 6.1 years lower (men: 69.8 / women: 74.9 years).

A total of 1,598.82 USD per inhabitant is spent annually on health measures at state expense. This corresponds to approximately 6.7 percent of the gross domestic product. Internationally, this amount averages 1,115.01 USD (~ 9.8% of the respective GDP).

Back to overview: Estonia

Distribution of the corona virus

Spread of COVID-19 in Estonia

Current incidence in the week ending 02/05/2023: 11.7 new infections per 100,000 population

Since the beginning of the pandemic until February 5th, 2023, a total of 613,903 infected people and 2,912 deaths have been reported in Estonia.

The total of 613,903 infected people currently represents 46.19 percent of the total population. The number of new infections during the seven days preceding February 5th, 2023, was 156, for a 7-day incidence of 11.7 cases per 100,000 population. In the same week, eight people died from (or with) COVID-19. Since the outbreak of the pandemic, this results in a mortality rate of about 0.5 percent in Estonia.

Current vaccination status

According to official WHO data, a total of 2.19 million vaccine doses have been administered as of January 22nd, 2023. More recent data are not yet available to WHO. There are 844,769 people who have received at least one vaccination (63.6 percent). The booster vaccination was received by 486,287 people (36.6 percent).

835,676 of these are considered fully vaccinated in Estonia (= 62.9 percent).
This means that Estonia is only in the middle of the field in terms of vaccination coverage. The vaccination rate is higher in 112 countries.

Due to the current COVID-19 pandemic, we update the worldwide case numbers daily. A list of all infections and deaths by country can be found on our COVID-19 virus topic page.

Weight and size

Body height182 cm168 cm
Weight89.9 kg73.7 kg


EstoniaØ worldwide
Diabetes *4.20%8.81%
HIV / Aids0.03%0.03%

* The number of people suffering from diabetes refers only to inhabitants aged between 20 and 79 years.

Child vaccinations

EstoniaØ worldwide
Hepatitis B0.08%0.08%
DTP *9.00%8.14%

* DTP is a combined basic vaccination against diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough) and tetanus, which should be given to children up to the age of 23 months.

In Estonia, 29.7 percent of all over 15-year-olds are still smokers.
The number of underweight newborns is 4 percent.

Medical supplies

Public health and Covid-19 in EstoniaThe medical care provided by doctors and hospitals in Estonia is above average, but is not as good as the average within the EU. The country provides 4.6 hospital beds per 1,000 inhabitants. The global mean here is 2.9 beds. Within the EU, 4.6 beds are available for every 1,000 residents.

With about 4,610 physicians in Estonia, there are about 3.47 doctors per 1000 inhabitants. Here again the comparison: worldwide this standard is 1.50 physicians per 1,000 inhabitants and in the EU is 3.57.

Due to the low level of care, the mortality of major known diseases can only be reduced in comparatively few cases. According to current information, about 15 percent of all people who suffer from cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases or chylomicron retention disease (CRD) still die.

Drinking water supply

About 96 percent of the population has access to an immediately available, running drinking water supply. At least via springs and wells within a maximum distance of 30 minutes or supplied water, 100 peprcent of the population is supplied with largely clean drinking water. The population is thus better served than average. In a global comparison, only about 74 percent of the population has direct access to tested and always available drinking water. Within the European Union, this share is 98 percent. Only in a few countries does the proportion fall below 10 percent.


The above data correspond to the information from the World Health Organization, Global Health Workforce Statistics, UNICEF, State of the World's Children, Childinfo, Global Health Observatory Data Repository and OECD. The case numbers for the spread of the COVID-19 come from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC).

Infected and deaths by the corona virus (COVID 19)Spread of the Corona virus Covid19 (SARS-CoV-2)Worldwide development of the number of cases and deaths due to the corona virus.
Comparison: Life expectancyAverage life expectancy by countryInternational ranking of life expectancy in 121 countries including summary by continents. Explanation of significant factors.
Comparison: quality of lifeQuality of life in country comparisonCompare the quality of life around the globe: In which countries is life pleasant, safe and healthy?