Traffic in Czechia

Transport and infrastructure in Czechia

Our listing of the primary types of transport compares the infrastructure of Czechia with the average of all countries in Europe. Overall, the main traffic and transport routes are well developed and in comparatively good condition.

In terms of the length of its rail network, Czechia ranks 10th in the world with 0.89 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 9,396 kilometers long. Freight traffic on the rails most recently totaled 16.33 billion tons and kilometers traveled. Passenger traffic reached 6.82 billion passenger-kilometers in 2021.

Airports in Czechia

Back to overview: Czechia

Road traffic

The network of roads and highways has a total length of 55,744 km. For each of the country's 10.51 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 5.31 meters. This puts Czechia in 106th place in the global ranking. However, the country's size and population density of around 133 inhabitants per km² must also be taken into account. Countries with fewer inhabitants in the same or even larger area naturally achieve quite different values here and have to connect remote areas to the transport network despite a smaller population.

With an average of 665 traffic fatalities per year (2013 - 2019), road traffic in Czechia is considered relatively safe. This corresponds to 6.3 accident fatalities per 100,000 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 12.3 in the USA and 17.0 worldwide.

Traffic in CzechiaIn Czechia, traffic drives on the right-hand side of the road, i.e. people drive in the right-hand lane and overtake on the left. Oncoming traffic comes toward you on the left side. This regulation was enforced on March 15th, 1939. Regionally, this also applied before, now it exists for all parts of the country. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.



 totalper 1 mio
per km²
Roadways55,700 km5,306.04 km706.78 m
Railroads9,400 km894.37 km119.13 m
Waterways664 km63.20 km8.42 m
Commercial harbors10.100.000


 total per 1 mio
per km²
Roadways6,708,900 km11,154.38 km1,111.71 m
Railroads258,600 km429.97 km42.85 m
Waterways54,800 km91.17 km9.09 m
Commercial harbors15,27325.390.003

Data sources used

Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
CIA Factbook
OECD Statistics
Wikipedia (german)
Czechia: AirportsLargest airports and airlines in CzechiaThe 5 biggest airports and 2 airlines in Czechia with further information and data with further information on airlines and destinations
Czechia: ClimateClimate and temperature development in CzechiaA climate analysis for Czechia incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, rainfalls
Ranking: MegacitiesMega cities - the biggest cities all over the worldRanking of the biggest cities worldwide. On top: Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing