Climate comparison



All information: Russia
All information: Spain
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Climate zoneArctic polar zone to Temperate zoneTemperate zone to Subtropics
Latitudes71° 41' N to 41° 17' N43° 44' N to 27° 45' N
Distance to equator4,600 - 8,000 km3,100 - 4,900 km
Annual valuesRussiaSpain
Ø Daytime maximum temperature9.5 °C21.10 °C
Ø Daily low temperature0.20 °C11.20 °C
Ø Water temperature9 °C16.70 °C
Ø Humidity73 %68 %
Precipitation566 mm624 mm
Rain days93.6 days70.8 days
Hours of sunshine2,008 hrs.2,555 hrs.

Colors of the following climate diagrams:

Daily maximum temperatures

The highest daytime temperatures in Russia are reached in July with an average of 25.9 °C. The coldest month, on the other hand, is January, with an average of just -7.8 °C. In Spain, August is the warmest month, with 29.8 °C. There, it is coolest in January with an average of 13.4 °C.

Night time lows

At night, it cools down to varying degrees depending on the country and altitude. In Russia, temperatures drop as low as -14.8 °C in January. The warmest nights are in July at 14.6 °C. In Spain, it is coolest at night in January at 5.0 °C and warmest in August at 18.4 °C. This corresponds to a cooling of 6.4 to 11.5 °C in Russia and 8.3 to 11.5 °C in Spain.

Water temperatures


The humidity of the air depends to a large extent on the air temperature. The warmer the air, the more water it can absorb. At a temperature of 25°C it is 23 grams per cubic meter, at 30 degrees it is already 26 grams. Therefore, the air humidity is given as a relative value to the temperature-dependent maximum amount. It becomes unpleasant when high humidity is combined with high temperatures.

Rain days per month

By definition, a rain day is a day on which at least 0.1 liters of precipitation per m² fall. This corresponds to a 1 square meter puddle in which the water stands 0.1 mm high — insofar as the water does not seep away or evaporate. So it does not have to rain all day long. December brings the most rainy days (8.8) in Russia. With an average of only 6.6 days, April is the friendliest. In Spain, it rains most often in November with 8.1 days.

Precipitation amount per day

Depending on the season and the location of a country, the wind brings a varying amount of water with it. As a rule, the water evaporating in the oceans is absorbed and then transported inland. The greatest amount of rain (hail or dew are also forms of precipitation) in Russia occurs in July, when about 2.2 liters per square meter fall per day. In Spain, the average amount of precipitation ranges from 0.6 liters per day in July to 2.9 in November. However, these are average values. If you consider that there are only 8.1 rainy days in Spain in November, each of them accounts for about 10.7 liters.

Sunshine hours per day

With 2,555 hours of sunshine per year, Spain is in the lead. The most hours of sunshine (10.2 per day) are in July. Russia falls into second place with only 2,008 hours. There the sun is visible in December for only 1.5 hours per day, so not hidden behind clouds.

Hours of daylight

The length of a day varies throughout the year and depends on the distance from the equator. In December, the day in Russia is only 7.1 hours long. In June, on the other hand, it is 17.7 hours. In Spain, it is 9.8 hours in December and 14.6 in June.
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